NOT A NATIVE TEACHER
Your question is a general question.
Regarding the sentences above, I should say none of them is correct. It's normal to say:
"Have you received the email which was sent by me?" Or "Have you received the email which I sent you?"
And about the use of "are", "do" and "have", I'd like to refer you to a grammar book / website. If you google it, you'll find a lot.
But suffice to say:
1) "To be" that is "am, is and are" can be a main verb or an auxiliary. E.g. They are drivers. / They are going to work.
2) "Do" can be a main verb or an auxiliary. E.g. I do my homework every night. / Do you play the guitar?
3) "Have" can be a main verb or an auxiliary. It is an auxiliary only in Present Perfect simple / continuous. E.g. I have a little dog. / Have you eaten lunch?