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  1. #1
    JACEK1 is offline Member
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    Default His team engineered the first lab-grown organ to be implanted into a human-a bladder

    Hello again!

    His team engineered the first lab-grown organ to be implanted into a human - a bladder - and is developing experimental fabrication technology that can "print" human tissue on demand.

    I think I know the general meaning of the sentence under discussion.

    What I am especially interested in is in bold type.

    In my opinion, the meaning is as follows:

    His team designed and built the first lab-grown organ which will be/is to be implanted into a human.

    The organ will be/is to be implanted.

    What is your opinion?

    Thank you.

    http://www.bbc.com/future/story/2012...a-human-kidney
    Last edited by JACEK1; 11-Jun-2013 at 21:48.

  2. #2
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: His team engineered the first lab-grown organ to be implanted into a human-a blad

    Quote Originally Posted by JACEK1 View Post
    Hello again!

    His team engineered the first lab-grown organ to be implanted into a human - a bladder - and is developing experimental fabrication technology that can "print" human tissue on demand.

    I think I know the general meaning of the sentence under discussion.

    What I am especially interested in is in bold type.

    In my opinion, the meaning is as follows:

    His team designed and built the first lab-grown organ which will be/is to be implanted into a human.

    The organ will be/is to be implanted.

    What is your opinion?

    Thank you.

    http://www.bbc.com/future/story/2012...a-human-kidney
    Many times "to be" is an indicator of a future action. In this case because of the word "first" in "first..to be" and the past tense verb, I read this as saying that the transplant has already been done. The first laboratory-grown urinary bladder was transplanted into a dog in 1999. In 2006, a group published a paper detailing laboratory-grown urinary bladder transplants in 7 people, with at least a five year follow-up. The first procedure was performed in 2000.

    More here: Artificial urinary bladder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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