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  1. #1
    Edward1989 is offline Newbie
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    Exclamation Strong forms vs Weak forms in British English

    Good evening to everyone!
    I'm a student of FAL in Paris and we've been studying English phonetics and phonology for a year.
    During this summer, I decided to learn main weak and strong forms of grammatical words used in English language.
    It's quite easy to use weak forms because we use them a lot in a normal speech. But I've got some problems with the strong forms. In fact, it's written that strong forms should be used in :
    a) Accented position
    b) Stranded position
    c) Exposed position.

    Could you explain me, please, what do exposed and stranded positions mean? And also, I'd like to ask you if you know when we generally accent word in English?
    I know that negative sentences are always accented and words in the final position are accented as well.
    For example:

    Weak form: She was brilliant /ʃɪ wəz brɪlɪənt/

    Strong form: I wonder what it was /aɪ wʌndə wɒt ɪt wɒz/ = in the final position
    ..... . She wasn't at home
    /ʃɪ wɒznt ət həʊm/ = negative sentence

    May be someone knows other cases, please?!

    Thanks in advance!


  2. #2
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Strong forms vs Weak forms in British English

    Welcome to the forum, Edward.

    You write, " [...] it's written that strong forms should be used in :
    a) Accented position
    b) Stranded position
    c) Exposed position.
    "

    Where did you find that written?

  3. #3
    konungursvia's Avatar
    konungursvia is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Strong forms vs Weak forms in British English

    You could read up about vowel reduction:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress...ion_in_English
    and
    Reduction to schwa

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