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  1. #1
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default stain and mark; let alone; exist;

    Dear teachers,
    I have four questions to ask:

    No.1
    George has a big coffee________ on the front of his jacket.
    a. spot b. mark c. stain d. patch

    The key is "B". My question is: why isn't "c" correct? I even think "b" is the incorrect answer.

    No.2

    Countless divorced pokiticians would have been elected out of office years ago had they even thought of a divorce, let alone_________one.
    a. getting b. to get c. gotn d. get

    The key is "d". But I don't know the grammatical rule. Could you please give me more exaples to explain the rule?

    No.3

    There ought to be less anxiety over the perceived risk of getting cancer than _________ in the public mind today.

    a. exists b. exist c. existing d. existed

    The key is "a". I don't know the grammatical rule. Could you please give me more exaples to explain the rule?

    No.4

    I don't think the following sentence makes sense. Is that right?

    Through the centuries the world would have made little progress, had creative thinkers heeded such counsel.

    Should it be " Through the centuries the world would have made little progress had creative thinkers not heeded such counsel."

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: stain and mark; let alone; exist;

    1- I'd use C
    It is 'exists' because the subject is singular - what exists is the perceived risk of getting cancer
    I'd use 'over the centuries'. Whether it's positive or negative depends entirely on the advice- if bad, then the sentence is correct.

  3. #3
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: stain and mark; let alone; exist;

    Dear tdol,

    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I see. But what about No.2? Could you please explain it?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.
    Jiang


    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    1- I'd use C
    It is 'exists' because the subject is singular - what exists is the perceived risk of getting cancer
    I'd use 'over the centuries'. Whether it's positive or negative depends entirely on the advice- if bad, then the sentence is correct.

  4. #4
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    Default Re: stain and mark; let alone; exist;

    for number 2, I'd use 'gotten'. Past participle.

  5. #5
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: stain and mark; let alone; exist;


    Thank you very much for your reply. Now I see.

    Best wishes,

    Jiang


    Quote Originally Posted by Naughty Beef
    for number 2, I'd use 'gotten'. Past participle.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: stain and mark; let alone; exist;

    patch:a piece of material or metal etc. used to menda hole or as reinforcement.
    Ex:
    to patch a tyre

    to mark a passage in pencil

    in your sentence 1: Mark is correct.

  7. #7
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: stain and mark; let alone; exist;

    This is too bad. tdol thinks "stain" is correct while you think "mark" is correct. Is there any one who'd like to give his/her opinion?

    Looking forward to hearing from you. Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by raymon0902
    patch:a piece of material or metal etc. used to menda hole or as reinforcement.
    Ex:
    to patch a tyre

    to mark a passage in pencil

    in your sentence 1: Mark is correct.

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