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  1. #1
    Freeguy is offline Senior Member
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    Which or In which

    Hey,
    I have trouble understanding the difference between WHICH and IN WHICH. When we can use WHICH and when we can use IN WHICH in relative clauses. Can you elaborate on with practical examples?

    Thanks in advance

  2. #2
    Rover_KE is offline Moderator
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    Re: Which or In which

    Welcome to the forums, Freeguy.

    Only use 'in which' when you have a reason to.

    'This is the car which I bought.' ('in which' makes no sense).

    'This is the car in which I go to work' means 'This is the car which I go to work in' (omitting 'in' from either sentence wouldn't make sense).

    To read more answers to your question, enter your excellent thread title in the Google Custom Search box near the top of the page.

    Rover

  3. #3
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Re: Which or In which

    Note that this includes all prepositions that apply to 'which', such as 'on which', 'to which', 'according to which'....
    You can use any preposition that makes sense.
    "This is the lake [which] he runs around." = "This is the lake around which he runs."

  4. #4
    Freeguy is offline Senior Member
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    Re: Which or In which

    I'm convinced now. Put it other way round. What's the difference between IN WHICH and WHEREBY. Are they synonymous?
    Thanks a million

  5. #5
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    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Re: Which or In which

    Quote Originally Posted by Freeguy View Post
    I'm convinced now. Put it other way round. What's the difference between IN WHICH and WHEREBY. Are they synonymous?
    Thanks a million
    "Whereby" has the meaning of "by which" or "through which".

  6. #6
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: Which or In which

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    "Whereby" has the meaning of "by which" or "through which".
    They can sometimes be used in similar places.
    "This is the way in which I get top marks."; "This is the way whereby I get top marks".
    Here, "in this way" means close enough to "by this way". However it would be dangerous to generalise this. For example "by this technique" can't be changed to "in this technique. Hence, "This is the technique by which I get top marks" is right, but "This is the technique in which I get top marks" is wrong.
    In any case, "whereby" isn't such a commonly used word.
    Last edited by Raymott; 05-Oct-2013 at 23:37. Reason: typo

  7. #7
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Re: Which or In which

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    They can sometimes be used in similar places.
    This is the way in which I get top marks."; "This is the way whereby I get top marks".
    Here, "in this way" means close enough to "by this way". However it would be dangerous to generalise this. For example "by this technique" can't be changed to "in this technique. Hence, "This is the technique by which I get top marks" is right, but "This is the technique in which I get top marks" is wrong.
    In any case, "whereby" isn't such a commonly used word.
    Yes, I agree. In some situations "in which" can be used for "by which".

  8. #8
    Freeguy is offline Senior Member
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    Re: Which or In which

    In some cultures, marriage is an official process _______________ a man and a woman agree to spend the rest of their lives together.
    1- in which2- by which3- whereby

    I'm discombobulated in this question !!!!

  9. #9
    bhaisahab's Avatar
    bhaisahab is offline Moderator
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    Re: Which or In which

    Quote Originally Posted by Freeguy View Post
    In some cultures, marriage is an official process _______________ a man and a woman agree to spend the rest of their lives together.
    1- in which2- by which3- whereby

    I'm discombobulated in this question !!!!
    They are all possible.

  10. #10
    Raymott's Avatar
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    Re: Which or In which

    Quote Originally Posted by Freeguy View Post
    In some cultures, marriage is an official process _______________ a man and a woman agree to spend the rest of their lives together.
    1- in which2- by which3- whereby

    I'm discombobulated
    by this question !!!!
    You've read the thread, and come up with a sentence in which any of the answers could be used. What's the confusion?

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