- For Teachers
The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main feature and make comparisons where relevant.
This graph illustrates the evolving trend of population aged 65 and over from 1940 to 2040 in Japan, Sweden, and USA.
In general, the proportion of population aged 65 and over in the three countries is expected to increase and reach to approximate 25 percent in 2040. The percentage of old people in Japan started form 5 percent in 1940 and slightly dipped into 2.5 or 3 percent during the next four decades before it raised to 10 percent in 2000. Moreover, the figure was expected to experience an dramatic increase to more than 25 percent in the next 40 years.
On the other hand, despite some fluctuations, the proportion of population aged 65 and over in the two Western countries shows the continuing upward trend through the century. The figure for Sweden, which started from nearly 8 percent in 1940, was predicted to reach to around 26 percent in 2040. Meanwhile, the rate of old people in USA, which was the highest among the three countries at the beginning with nearly 10 percent, may end up about 23 percent, the lowest proportion among three countries, in 2040.
Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Nowadays, gender equality is getting recognized more widely in the modern society and in different perspectives such as economic, social, and education. The number of women who involve in higher education keeps increasing ever year, which questioned many universities that whether they should accept the equality in the number of male and female students in every subject. In my opinion, I partly agree with the idea.
First of all, students will be beneficial from the diversity and balance of ideas and knowledge coming from the gender equality in the class. The differences between men and women lead to the differences in their way of thinking and understanding. Therefore, the presence of other gender will give students chances to view and understand the projects from ample aspects, which helps the projects more successful. Moreover, the same numbers of male and female students in various subjects will contribute to the balance of gender in the work class in the future. For women, they will have more opportunities to study in different areas, improve themselves, as well as have more choices for their future career.
On the other hand, not every subject is designed for both genders. There are some that are believed to be more suitable for men than for women, such as engineering or mechanics. Meanwhile, sewing and cooking is often preferred by female students instead of male. If students have to study the subjects which they have no passion in or they cannot meet the requirements of, the education will become inefficient.
For conclusion, I believe that most of the subjects, but not all, should be accepted for both men and women equally. However, universities should base on the subjectís request and characteristics to make the decision on the numbers of male and female students in the class. In addition, it is better to create good conditions for students to have their own choices on about what they want to study.