Unfortunately for learners, there are many different types of what are loosely called 'phrasal verbs'. Here are some of the patterns:
Verb + Preposition Verb + particle √ He went into the room.
√ He went into it.
√ He went into it and other things.
He went the room into.
He went it into. √ He put down the book.
He put down it.
√ He put down it and his glasses
√ He put the book down.
√ He put it down.
Prepositional Verb Phrasal Verb √ She got over her illness.
√ She got over it.
√ She got over it and losing her job.
She got her illness over.
She got it over. √ They blew up the house.
They blew up it.
√ They blew up it and the nearby factory.
√ They blew the house up.
√ They blew it up.
Intransitive verbs followed by a particle/adverb Intransitive phrasal verbs √ Mike walked past.
√ Mike walked quickly past.
√ Mike walked past quickly.
√ The plane took off.
The plane took slowly off.
√ The plane took off slowly.
Possible Not Possible √ He caught up with Jim (and us).
√ He caught up with him.
* He caught Jim (and us) up with.* He caught up Jim(and us)with.
He caught up Jim and us with. * He caught Jim and us up with.
He caught him up with. * He caught up him with.