Results 1 to 6 of 6
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • Japan

    • Join Date: May 2011
    • Posts: 18
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #1

    Lightbulb Cataphoric reference

    Is this an example of catephoric reference -- referring forward in the text.

    "It is impossible to understand South Africa today without appreciating the effects of Mandela's complex answer." Does "it" at the beginning of the sentence refer to "understand South Africa today without appreciating the effects of Mandela's complex answer"?

    I don't think "it" is a pronoun here. By the way, is there a term for this kind of sentence?

    The following sentence would be an example using catephoric reference.
    "Having cleaned it, he returned the ball to the bowler." ("it" refers forward to "the ball")

    Thanks a lot.

  1. Barb_D's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Mar 2007
    • Posts: 17,567
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2

    Re: Cataphoric reference

    I'm surprised that someone who knows the word "cataphora" (I had to look it up) is not familiar with the grammatical concept of "the dummy it."
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • Japan

    • Join Date: May 2011
    • Posts: 18
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #3

    Re: Cataphoric reference

    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post
    I'm surprised that someone who knows the word "cataphora" (I had to look it up) is not familiar with the grammatical concept of "the dummy it."
    I just learned the different types of reference, but forgot the term for the "it" structure. Do you think the "it" in my example refer to the latter part of the sentence? Thanks for the link.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 16,147
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #4

    Re: Cataphoric reference

    Quote Originally Posted by sbby View Post
    I just learned the different types of reference, but forgot the term for the "it" structure. Do you think the "it" in my example refer to the latter part of the sentence? Thanks for the link.
    No. That use of "it" does not refer to anything.

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • Japan

    • Join Date: May 2011
    • Posts: 18
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #5

    Re: Cataphoric reference

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    No. That use of "it" does not refer to anything.
    thanks

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Retired English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England

    • Join Date: Jun 2010
    • Posts: 16,047
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #6

    Re: Cataphoric reference

    Quote Originally Posted by sbby View Post
    thanks Thanks.

    Your appreciation is welcome but there is no need to write a new post to thank us or to quote our replies back to us.. Simply click the Like button on any posts you find helpful. It means that we don't have to open the thread again to read your new post and then find that it doesn't include any new information or an additional question.


Similar Threads

  1. [General] Do I need to reference myself?
    By flobeth in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 22-Aug-2013, 03:39
  2. reference to
    By ratóncolorao in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 03-Nov-2011, 11:09
  3. First reference
    By Allen165 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 25-Nov-2010, 18:17
  4. one reference
    By user_gary in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 11-Feb-2007, 06:50
  5. anaphoric and cataphoric
    By ida in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 17-Aug-2005, 00:32

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •