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Thread: The subject

  1. #1
    The apprentice is offline Member
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    The subject

    Dear teachers and members:


    THIS IS A PRESENTATION I MADE ABOUT THE SUBJECT:

    For those who forget to use the subject in a sentence or a clause.


    Remember this : '' In English, you need a subject for a verb; otherwise it is a question ''.

    The subject:

    The subject is the naming part of a sentence. It appears before the verb to show: a) what the sentece is about; b) who or what performs the action. c) after the subject it comes the verb.

    Subject may be a noun, a pronoun, a noun clause or noun phrase:

    a) Noun and pronoun as subject:

    1) I was cooking. I = The subject of the verb COOK.

    WAS = It is an auxiliary verb which is helping the verb COOK (present progressive tense)

    2) The boy slept until noon. THE BOY = The subject of the verb SLEEP (past tense)

    3) David types 60 letters per second, DAVID = The subject of the verb TYPE (present tense)

    4) They have loved each other. THEY = The subject of the verb LOVE

    HAVE = It is an auxiliary verb, helping the verb LOVE (present perfect)

    5) This is my car. THIS = The subject of the linking verb TO BE (THIS is a demostrative pronoun)

    b) Noun clause as subject:

    1) The man whom I saw was my neighbor. THE MAN WHOM I SAW = The subject of the verb TO BE

    2) What you prepared for dinner was very salty. WHAT YOU PREPARED FOR DINNER = The subject of the verb TO BE (past tense)

    c) Noun phrase as subject:

    1) The first person in the line spoke with me. THE FIRST PERSON IN THE LINE = The subject of the verb SPEAK (past tense)

    2) The man dressed in red is my father, THE MAN DRESSED IN RED = The subject of the verb TO BE

    3) None of them speak English. NONE OF THEM= The subject of the verb SPEAK (NONE is an indefinite pronoun)



    OBSERVATION;

    1) David (HE) types 60 letters per second, DAVID = The subject of the verb TYPE (in the present tense you add ''s'' to the verb in the third person HE/SHE/IT)

    2) The man dressed in red (HE) is my father

    3)The first person in the line (indefinite pronoun, may be HE or SHE; in this case a person, not a thing) spoke with me

    4a) What you prepared for dinner is spicy

    (What you prepared for dinner - a salad; a sandwich, etc. -, it is not a personal pronoun, it is an impersonal pronoun. The impersonal pronoun is IT, its plural is THEY).

    (IS is a linking verb, it conveys no action, it is a link between the impersonal pronoun IT and the adjective SPICY).

    4b) What you prepared for dinner was salty

    (The same rule as in ''4a'', but in ''4b'', the linking verb WAS, is in the past tense, above in ''4a'' is in the present tense).

    You find the subject of a sentence asking WHO or WHAT make, made, is making, was making the action, for example:

    A = What you prepared for dinner was salty

    1) Question =WHAT was salty?
    2) Answer = What you prepared for dinner (this is the subject)

    B = It is spicy what you prepared for dinner

    1) Question =WHAT is spicy?
    2) Answer =What you prepared for dinner (this is the subject)

    C = The first person in the line speaks English

    1) Question = WHO does speak English? or WHO speaks English
    2) Answer = The first person in the line (this is the subject)

    I hope this helps in the usage of the subject

    If one of some of you have something to add or observe, I would appreciate you assiostance in this matter.


    My best regards and happy new year to all.
    Last edited by The apprentice; 02-Jan-2014 at 21:20.

  2. #2
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    Re: The subject

    Quote Originally Posted by The apprentice View Post
    Remember this : '' In English, you need a subject for a verb; otherwise it is a question ''.
    The verb in a question also has a subject.
    The subject is the naming part of a sentence. It appears before the verb to show: a) what the sentece is about; b) who or what performs the action. c) after the subject it comes the verb.
    The subject normally comes before the verb, but note:
    Here comes the train.
    Rarely have I seen such a beautiful sight.
    1) I was cooking. I = The subject of the verb COOK
    It could be argued that 'I' is the subject of the auxiliary verb BE - which is why we use 'am' rather than 'is' or 'are'.
    Last edited by Barb_D; 02-Jan-2014 at 21:26. Reason: tiny typo

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    SoothingDave is offline VIP Member
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    Re: The subject

    For those who forget to use the subject in a sentence or a clause.
    This is not a sentence.

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    SoothingDave is offline VIP Member
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    Re: The subject

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    The verb in a question also has a subject.The subject normally comes before the verb, but note:
    Here come the train.
    Rarely have I seen such a beautiful sight.
    It could be argued that 'I' is the subject of the auxiliary verb BE - which is why we use 'am' rather than 'is' or 'are'.
    You mean "here comes the train," right?

    Moderator's note: I have fixed the typo in the original.
    Last edited by Barb_D; 02-Jan-2014 at 21:26. Reason: added note to say the error has been corrected.

  5. #5
    The apprentice is offline Member
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    Re: The subject

    Thank you for your assistances

    SoothigDave, can you explain that and give some examples please?

    5jj, can you give any explanation about what you could be argued?


    I would like you continue with your help, it is very instructive to me.


    Thanks again

  6. #6
    SoothingDave is offline VIP Member
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    Re: The subject

    Your "sentence" that I quoted is a prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrases are not sentences. There is no main subject and verb.

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