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  1. #1
    The apprentice is offline Member
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    Default The subject (part I)

    Dear teachers and members


    In a previous thread posted on january the 3rd about an exposition I have to make about the subject, you made some corrections to some points I was wrong.

    Here is my final exposition about the subject. Please, if more corrections are need, I ask for your assitantance to make them:


    For those who forget to use the subject in a sentence or a clause.

    '' In English, you need a subject for a verb; otherwise may be a question ''.

    The subject:


    The subject is the naming part of a sentence carrying out the action of the verb. Normally it appears before the verb, and rarely appears after the verb to show: a) what the sentece is about; b) who or what performs the action.

    Subject may be a noun, a pronoun, a noun clause or noun phrase:

    a) Noun and pronoun as subject:

    1) I was cooking. I is the subject of the auxiliary WAS.

    COOK is the main verb which is being helped by the auxiliary WAS to complete the sentence (present progressive tense).

    2) The boy slept until noon. THE BOY is the subject of the verb SLEEP (past tense)

    3) David types 60 letters per second, DAVID is the subject of the verb TYPE (present tense)

    4) They have loved each other. THEY is the subject of the verb LOVE

    HAVE is an auxiliary verb, helping the verb LOVE (present perfect)

    b) Noun clause as subject:

    1) The man whom I saw was my neighbor. THE MAN WHOM I SAW is the subject of the verb TO BE

    2) What you prepared for dinner was very salty. WHAT YOU PREPARED FOR DINNER is the subject of the verb TO BE (past tense)

    c) Noun phrase as subject:

    1) The first person in the line spoke with me. THE FIRST PERSON IN THE LINE is the subject of the verb SPEAK (past tense)

    2) The man dressed in red is my father, THE MAN DRESSED IN RED is the subject of the verb TO BE

    d) Demostrative pronouns as subject

    1) This has been a difficult year. THIS is the subject of the auxiliary verb HAS (present participle)

    2) That eats your brain. THAT is the subject of the verb EAT (simple present)

    e) Relative pronouns as subject

    1) The man who called is my brother. WHO is the subject of the verb CALL (simple past)

    The man who (HE) called is my brother.

    2) The car which hit my dog is in the police. WHICH is the subject of the verb HIT (simple present)

    That is the car which (THE CAR) hit my dog

    f) Indefinite pronouns as subject

    Nobody wants her. NOBODY is the subject of the verb WANT (simple present)

    Everybody knew it. EVERYBODY is the subject of the verb KNOW (simple past)

    Someone had come to the door. SOMEONE is the subject of the verb HAVE and COME is the main verb (past participle)

    g) Subject after the verb

    1) Here comes the rain. THE RAIN is the subject of the verb COME

    2) Here are the documents. THE DOCUMENTS is the subject of the verb ARE


    OBSERVATION;


    1) Personal pronouns are always subject of a verb, they are also called subject pronouns

    a) 1st person (the person who is speaking): I/WE. I is for subjects in the singular form, and WE for the plural form

    b) 2nd person (the person who is being spoken to): YOU/YOU.

    3rd person (the person who is being spoken about) HE/THEY; SHE/THEY; IT/THEY

    2) David (HE) types 60 letters per second, DAVID is the subject of the verb TYPE (in the present tense you add ''s'' to the verb to the third person HE/SHE/IT)

    3) The man dressed in red (HE) is my father

    4)The first person in the line (indefinite pronoun, may be HE or SHE; in this case a person, not a thing) spoke with me

    5) What you prepared for dinner is spicy

    (What you prepared for dinner - a salad; a sandwich, etc. -, it is not a subject or personal pronoun, it is an impersonal subject or pronoun. It is IT, its plural is THEY).

    (In the above sentence, IS is a linking verb, it conveys no action, it is a link between the impersonal pronoun IT (wht you prepared for dinner) and the adjective SPICY).

    5a) What you prepared for dinner was salty

    (The same rule as in ''5)'', but in ''5a)'', the linking verb WAS, is in the past tense, above in ''4a'' is in the present tense).


    NOTE : You find the subject of a sentence asking WHO or WHAT make, made, is making, was making, have made, will make the action, for example:

    A = What you prepared for dinner was salty

    1) Question =WHAT was salty?
    2) Answer = What you prepared for dinner (this is the subject)

    B = It is spicy what you prepared for dinner

    1) Question =WHAT is spicy?
    2) Answer =What you prepared for dinner (this is the subject)

    C = The first person in the line speaks English

    1) Question = WHO does speak English? or WHO speaks English
    2) Answer = The first person in the line (this is the subject)

    I hope this helps you in using the subject.


    My best regards.


    TO BE CONTINUED
    Last edited by The apprentice; 05-Jan-2014 at 20:32.

  2. #2
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    Default Re: The subject (part I)

    Quote Originally Posted by The apprentice View Post
    '' In English, you need a subject for a verb; otherwise may be a question ''.
    I got only as far as that. As I pointed out last time, "The verb in a question also has a subject.". Incidentally, you have no subject for the verb 'may'.

  3. #3
    The apprentice is offline Member
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    Default Re: The subject (part I)

    Thank you 5jj for observation:


    So, next time I will take into account the subject of the verb MAY. Waoo!, talking about subject and omitting subject, ha, haa, haaa.

    Soon I will post a thread about '' subject in a question ''.
    Last edited by The apprentice; 05-Jan-2014 at 20:30.

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