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  1. #1
    raelynn Guest

    Default Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    I need help in these:

    1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
    2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
    3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
    4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
    5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.

    I believe #1 is Pattern 3
    #2 is Pattern 6
    # 3 is Pattern 4 (?)
    # 4 is Pattern 5
    # 5 is pattern 6

    Thanks

  2. #2
    Tdol is online now Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Could you give us the patterns as well, otherwise it's impossible to know which you are talking about.

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    SVOC
    consider+[object+object complement]
    1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
    ==>her friend is wise and handsome

    SVOO
    give+indirect object+direct object
    2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
    ==>The president will give their diplomas to them.

    SVC
    is+subject complement
    3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
    ==> To be X is to be Y.

    SVC+adjunct
    be+[[subject complement]+[adjunct]]
    4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
    ==> Imperative structure: (You) be kind and loving.

    SVOC
    appoint+[object+object complement]
    5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.
    ==> My friend is the governor.

    :D

  4. #4
    raelynn Guest

    Default Patterns

    Sorry, here they are:

    Pattern 3: Sub + Predicate + Ind.Object + Direct Object

    Pattern 4: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun

    Pattern 5: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective

    Pattern 6: Sub = Predicate + Direct Object + Obj. Complement

    Pattern 7: Sub + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement

    Thanks again for your help

  5. #5
    RonBee's Avatar
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    Here they are all on the same page, folks. We'll see if I have time to comment before the grammar mavens get here. :wink:

    • 1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
      2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
      3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
      4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
      5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.

      I believe #1 is Pattern 3
      #2 is Pattern 6
      # 3 is Pattern 4 (?)
      # 4 is Pattern 5
      # 5 is pattern 6

      Pattern 3: Sub + Predicate + Ind.Object + Direct Object
      Pattern 4: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun
      Pattern 5: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective
      Pattern 6: Sub = Predicate + Direct Object + Obj. Complement
      Pattern 7: Sub + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement


    :)

  6. #6
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    Default Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    I changed #1 and #2. The rest are OK. :D

    #1 is Pattern 7 (Subj + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement)
    #2 is Pattern 3 (Subj + Predicate + Indirect Object + Direct Object)
    #3 is Pattern 4 (Subj + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun)
    #4 is Pattern 5 (Subj + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective)
    #5 is pattern 6 (Subj + Predicate + Direct Object + Object Complement)

    #1- 'wise and handsome' modifies 'her friend': her friend is wise and handsome.

    Sentence 1 is Pattern 7: S+V+DO+AdjC

    1. Mary (S) considered (V) her friend (DO) wise and handsome (AdjC).
    Mary = subject
    considered = verb
    her friend = direct object
    wise and handsome = adjective complement
    ====

    #2- 'their diplomas' does not modify 'the graduates': *the graduates are their diplomas (incorrect).

    Sentence 2 is Pattern 3: S+V+IO+DO

    2. Will the president of the school (S) give (V) the graduates (IO) their diplomas (DO)?
    the president of the school = subject
    give = verb
    the graduates = indirect object
    their diplomas = direct object
    ====

    'a success' is a noun.

    Sentence 3 is Pattern 4: S+V+PredN

    3. To be a hard worker (S) is (V) to be a success (PredN).
    to be a hard worker = subject
    is = linking verb
    to be a success = predicate noun
    ====

    'kind and loving' are adjectives.

    Sentence 4 is Pattern 5: S+V+PredAdj

    4. Be (V) kind and loving (PredAdj), even to those who do not seem to like you.
    You = subject (The subject has been omitted because the sentence is in the imperative)
    Be = linking verb
    kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you = predicate adjective
    ====

    'governor of the state' modifies 'my friend'.

    Sentence 5 is Pattern 6: S+V+DO+OC

    5. The Queen (S) appointed (V) my friend (DO) governor of the new state (OC).
    The Queen = subject
    appointed = verb
    my friend = direct object
    governor of the new state = object complement

    :D

  7. #7
    RonBee's Avatar
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    Default Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    Why predicate instead of verb?

    :)

  8. #8
    Tdol is online now Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    I thought 'predicate' = verb + everything else.

  9. #9
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    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    I thought 'predicate' = verb + everything else.
    Exactly!

    :wink:

  10. #10
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    Default Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    Why predicate instead of verb?

    :)
    The predicate contains the verb and its complements.

    Ex: Eve gave Adam the apple. predicate

    Subject = Eve
    Predicate = gave Adam the apple.

    If we want to look inside the predicate, we parse it as follows,

    Verb = gave
    Direct object = the apple
    Indirect Object = Adam

    :D

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