Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 11
  1. raelynn
    Guest
    #1

    Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    I need help in these:

    1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
    2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
    3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
    4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
    5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.

    I believe #1 is Pattern 3
    #2 is Pattern 6
    # 3 is Pattern 4 (?)
    # 4 is Pattern 5
    # 5 is pattern 6

    Thanks

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Japan

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 44,225
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2
    Could you give us the patterns as well, otherwise it's impossible to know which you are talking about.

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #3

    Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    SVOC
    consider+[object+object complement]
    1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
    ==>her friend is wise and handsome

    SVOO
    give+indirect object+direct object
    2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
    ==>The president will give their diplomas to them.

    SVC
    is+subject complement
    3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
    ==> To be X is to be Y.

    SVC+adjunct
    be+[[subject complement]+[adjunct]]
    4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
    ==> Imperative structure: (You) be kind and loving.

    SVOC
    appoint+[object+object complement]
    5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.
    ==> My friend is the governor.

    :D

  3. raelynn
    Guest
    #4

    Patterns

    Sorry, here they are:

    Pattern 3: Sub + Predicate + Ind.Object + Direct Object

    Pattern 4: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun

    Pattern 5: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective

    Pattern 6: Sub = Predicate + Direct Object + Obj. Complement

    Pattern 7: Sub + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement

    Thanks again for your help

  4. RonBee's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Feb 2003
    • Posts: 16,570
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #5
    Here they are all on the same page, folks. We'll see if I have time to comment before the grammar mavens get here. :wink:

    • 1. Mary considered her friend wise and handsome.
      2. Will the president of the school give the graduates their diplomas?
      3. To be a hard worker is to be a success.
      4. Be kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you.
      5. The Queen appointed my friend governor of the new state.

      I believe #1 is Pattern 3
      #2 is Pattern 6
      # 3 is Pattern 4 (?)
      # 4 is Pattern 5
      # 5 is pattern 6

      Pattern 3: Sub + Predicate + Ind.Object + Direct Object
      Pattern 4: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun
      Pattern 5: Sub + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective
      Pattern 6: Sub = Predicate + Direct Object + Obj. Complement
      Pattern 7: Sub + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement


    :)

  5. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #6

    Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    I changed #1 and #2. The rest are OK. :D

    #1 is Pattern 7 (Subj + Predicate Direct Object Adjective Complement)
    #2 is Pattern 3 (Subj + Predicate + Indirect Object + Direct Object)
    #3 is Pattern 4 (Subj + Linking Verb + Predicate Noun)
    #4 is Pattern 5 (Subj + Linking Verb + Predicate adjective)
    #5 is pattern 6 (Subj + Predicate + Direct Object + Object Complement)

    #1- 'wise and handsome' modifies 'her friend': her friend is wise and handsome.

    Sentence 1 is Pattern 7: S+V+DO+AdjC

    1. Mary (S) considered (V) her friend (DO) wise and handsome (AdjC).
    Mary = subject
    considered = verb
    her friend = direct object
    wise and handsome = adjective complement
    ====

    #2- 'their diplomas' does not modify 'the graduates': *the graduates are their diplomas (incorrect).

    Sentence 2 is Pattern 3: S+V+IO+DO

    2. Will the president of the school (S) give (V) the graduates (IO) their diplomas (DO)?
    the president of the school = subject
    give = verb
    the graduates = indirect object
    their diplomas = direct object
    ====

    'a success' is a noun.

    Sentence 3 is Pattern 4: S+V+PredN

    3. To be a hard worker (S) is (V) to be a success (PredN).
    to be a hard worker = subject
    is = linking verb
    to be a success = predicate noun
    ====

    'kind and loving' are adjectives.

    Sentence 4 is Pattern 5: S+V+PredAdj

    4. Be (V) kind and loving (PredAdj), even to those who do not seem to like you.
    You = subject (The subject has been omitted because the sentence is in the imperative)
    Be = linking verb
    kind and loving, even to those who do not seem to like you = predicate adjective
    ====

    'governor of the state' modifies 'my friend'.

    Sentence 5 is Pattern 6: S+V+DO+OC

    5. The Queen (S) appointed (V) my friend (DO) governor of the new state (OC).
    The Queen = subject
    appointed = verb
    my friend = direct object
    governor of the new state = object complement

    :D

  6. RonBee's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Feb 2003
    • Posts: 16,570
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #7

    Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    Why predicate instead of verb?

    :)

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Japan

    • Join Date: Nov 2002
    • Posts: 44,225
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #8
    I thought 'predicate' = verb + everything else.

  7. RonBee's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: Feb 2003
    • Posts: 16,570
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #9
    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    I thought 'predicate' = verb + everything else.
    Exactly!

    :wink:

  8. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #10

    Re: Patterns in English (sub +verb= adjective)

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    Why predicate instead of verb?

    :)
    The predicate contains the verb and its complements.

    Ex: Eve gave Adam the apple. predicate

    Subject = Eve
    Predicate = gave Adam the apple.

    If we want to look inside the predicate, we parse it as follows,

    Verb = gave
    Direct object = the apple
    Indirect Object = Adam

    :D

Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast

Similar Threads

  1. Are the 5 basic sentence patterns sacred?
    By infinikyte in forum General Language Discussions
    Replies: 49
    Last Post: 28-Aug-2009, 22:52
  2. Help
    By zhangjin in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 22
    Last Post: 29-Mar-2008, 20:47
  3. [feeling] Annoying English?!
    By Wai_Wai in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 12
    Last Post: 13-Nov-2006, 09:59
  4. Venn Diagram of English Verb patterns
    By Andy in forum General Language Discussions
    Replies: 18
    Last Post: 27-Jun-2004, 12:07

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •