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Thread: preposition


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    #1

    preposition

    What are correct prepositions put into ( ) ?
    (1) I bought this pen ( ) twelve dollars.
    (2) Is that all right ( ) you?
    (3) My aunt took me home from the zoo ( ) her car.
    (4) Yokohama is ( ) the east of Kanagawa.
    (5) I bought the cloth ( ) the dollar.
    Thank you!

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #2

    Re: preposition

    What are your answers? Sorry, but we try not to do assignments.


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    #3

    Re: preposition

    I'm a little bit confused.
    #1.:for
    #2.:for
    #3.:by
    #4.:in
    #5.:for??

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #4

    Re: preposition

    (1) I bought this pen ( ) twelve dollars.
    (2) Is that all right ( ) you?
    (3) My aunt took me home from the zoo ( ) her car.
    (4) Yokohama is ( ) the east of Kanagawa.
    (5) I bought the cloth ( ) the dollar.

    #1.:for <correct>
    #2.:for <correct>
    #3.:by <incorrect>
    #4.:in <correct>
    #5.:for <incorrect>

    HINT
    (3) My aunt took me home ___ her car. We were sitting ___ her car.
    (5) I bought the cloth for a dollar. <grammatical>
    (5) I bought the cloth with the dollar I had. <grammatical>


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    #5

    Re: preposition

    Casiopea san
    Thank you very much!
    (3) My aunt took me home from the zoo ( ) her car.
    (5) I bought the cloth ( ) the dollar.
    #3. in
    #4. with
    I have more assignments
    Alphabet begins with A.
    The meeting began at ten o'clock.
    What is the word for ''milk'' in French?
    Are these answers correct?

  3. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #6

    Re: preposition

    Dou itashimashite. <You're welcome>

    Yoshitake-kun, chotto matte ... <hold on a minute>

    "with" works for sentence (5) but "the" doesn't work. It's awkward:

    (5) ?I bought the cloth with the dollar. <What, whose dollar?>

    "the" is a definite article. Its function is to define (further) the noun it modifies ("dollar"), but that definition is missing in (5). It's here in (6),

    (6) I bought the cloth with the dollar you gave me. <correct>

    I think (5) should read, "a dollar", not "the dollar". What do you think?

    ==========

    Below, the symbol means the sentence is correct:

    The alphabet begins with A.
    The meeting began at ten o'clock.
    What is the word for ''milk'' in French?


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    #7

    Re: preposition

    Casiopea san

    Thank you for your kind explanation.(arigatou gozaimasu)
    The original sentence " I bought the cloth ( ) the dollar." was found in
    a web-site learning English which one Japanese teacher operates. I was
    a little confused, as you pointed out, if it were " a dollar " , I could put
    " for " as a preposition. But the word is "the dollar". At first I thought
    it should be "in" since we could say "pay in dollar". In this sense, is it
    possible to say following?

    (1) I bought the cloth in dollar. instead of
    Japanese Yen.
    (2) Yesterday My father gave me twelve dollars. I bought the cloth
    with the dollar.
    Thank you in advance.

  4. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #8

    Re: preposition

    They're incorrect. Try,

    (1) I bought the cloth in (US) dollars.

    (2) Yesterday, my father gave me twelve dollars and
    I bought the cloth with those dollars or with that money.

    muzukashii, deshou? <It's difficult, no?>


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    #9

    Re: preposition

    Caiopea san

    Thank you for your advice.(advice arigatou gozaimasu)
    How diffucult!

    nihonngo dekirun desune? (you speak Japanese, don't you?)

  5. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #10

    Re: preposition

    You're welcome.

    Yes, I can (speak it).

    All the best.

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