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Thread: verb tenses

  1. #1
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    Default verb tenses

    Hi,

    Please could anyone check whether I have got the following correct, it would be really really appreciated!!

    Question 1.

    Present Simple

    He catches the bus at 4pm.

    Present Continuous

    They are walking to the station.

    Present Perfect Simple

    I have helped my mum.

    Past simple

    Jamie helped change toms bicycle tyre.

    Past Perfect Simple

    I had helped Tom wash his car

    Past Perfect Continuous

    She had been crying when her parents came home.

    Future Simple

    The shop will be open at 4pm.

    Future Continuous

    Next week I have a music exam.

    Future Perfect Simple

    When the football has finished it will be time to eat.

    Past Simple Passive

    The ball was kicked by the footballer at the corner of the pitch.
    Question 2.

    To identify the difference in verb forms and the difference between what each sentence means.

    a)

    He speaks Chinese.

    The verb is a present tense form. This sentence demonstrates the he has the skill and knowledge to speak Chinese.

    He is speaking Chinese.

    The verb is a present continuous. This sentence conveys he is speaking Chinese in the present context.

    The difference between the two sentences is the first example illustrates he can speak a language, whereas the ING Participles added to the base form of speak illustrates he is speaking Chinese in the present time.

    b)

    She stopped to listen to the music

    The verb ‘to listen’ is the base form in this sentence. The verb ‘stopped’ indicates the action is in the past tense due to the ‘ed’. Therefore this sentence is present perfect. The sentence indicates that in the past she stopped whatever she was doing, to listen to the music.

    She stopped listening to the music

    The verb in this sentence is ‘past continuous’. This sentence uses the stopped to illustrate the action happened in the past, whereas the ING on listening which conveys the action is continuous.

    The first example is of an action happening in the present whereas the second sentence is of an action which has happened at a specific moment in time in the past.

    c)

    Dan’s gone to Germany

    This statement is an example of ‘present simple’ tense, it is stating that Dan is in Germany at the present time.

    Dan’s been to Germany

    This statement is an example of ‘past simple’ tense, as it is stating that Dan went to Germany in the past.

    The difference between both is only the time in which Dan went to Germany, either in the past or present.


    Question 3

    Identify which syllable carries the main stress.

    Economic
    Investment
    Photograph
    Photographer
    Advertisement
    Politics
    Record (verb)
    Record (noun)


    Question 4

    The following modal verbs perform a specific language function, state the use.

    You must have left it at home – giving advice on where to find lost item
    You really must come over for a drink sometime- an invitation

    I will give you a lift to the station- an offer
    I will see you at the concert tomorrow – confirmation
    I will go to the police if you keep shoplifting – reprimand

    He should pass first time, he’s very confident- expressing an opinion
    You should drink more water- giving advice

  2. #2
    MrPedantic is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: verb tenses

    Hello Dot

    All are fine, except:

    1, Jamie helped change toms bicycle tyre. ] tense ok, but should be "Tom's"

    2. Future Continuous: Next week I have a music exam. ] Not quite. Would you like to try again?

    3. She stopped to listen to the music] Not present perfect! Try again?

    4. Dan’s been/gone to Germany ] Not past simple; try again!

    5. Identify which syllable carries the main stress. ] I can't see the stress marked here.

    Otherwise, well done!

    MrP

    (PS: You may find you get more responses if you post fewer questions in one post)

  3. #3
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    Default Re: verb tenses

    Thank you, I am not quite sure on what a future continuous sentence is please could you shed some light on the questions I got wrong.

    Thank you again


    Dot

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: verb tenses

    Future continuous:
    I will be seeing him tomorrow afternoon, so I can tell him.

  5. #5
    MrPedantic is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: verb tenses

    <...could you shed some light...>

    Hello Dot

    1. Jamie helped change toms bicycle tyre.

    — in this one, you just needed an apostrophe in "Tom's".

    3. She stopped to listen to the music.

    — This one is the simple past. For the present perfect, you's say "She has stopped to listen to the music".

    4. Dan’s been/gone to Germany.

    — And this one is the present perfect, not the simple past!

    5. Identify which syllable carries the main stress.

    — I think for this question, you're meant to say which syllable is stressed. Did you want to try marking the stress in those words?

    Bye for now,
    MrP

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