A Transitive Verb is one that takes an Object.
E.g He opened the door. (Door is the object of the action;it is affected by the operation.)
Intransitive Verb is one that does not take an Object.
E.g They arrived. (The verb does not require an object to complete it.)
Finite Verb: The finite form of verb are the forms where the verb shows tense,person or singular/plural.
E.g I go,she goes,he went etc.
Non-finite Verb: The non-finite verb forms have no person,tense or number.
E.g To go,going etc.