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Thread: grammar

  1. #1
    Anonymous Guest

    Default grammar

    hello ,


    could you please tell me the defferance bettween

    present perfect and past perfect

  2. #2
    Red5 is offline Webmaster, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default

    To start you off, please take a look at...

    Present Perfect

    Past Perfect
    Red5
    Webmaster, UsingEnglish.com

  3. #3
    RonBee's Avatar
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    Default Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by hany
    hello ,


    could you please tell me the defferance bettween

    present perfect and past perfect
    **Could you please tell me the difference between

    present perfect and past perfect?
    **

    In grammar, "perfect" means "complete".

    Simple past: I did it.
    Past perfect: I have done it.

    Present tense: I do it.
    Present perfect: I did do it.

    How am I doing? 8)

  4. #4
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    Default Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    Quote Originally Posted by hany
    hello ,


    could you please tell me the defferance bettween

    present perfect and past perfect
    **Could you please tell me the differance between

    present perfect and past perfect?
    **

    In grammar, "perfect" means "complete".

    Simple past: I did it.
    Past perfect: I have done it.

    Present tense: I do it.
    Present perfect: I did do it.

    How am I doing? 8)
    Erm...not too well.

    simple past: I did it.
    present perfect: I have done it.
    past perfect: I had done it.
    simple present: I do it.
    past emphatic: I did do it.

  5. #5
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    Default Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by hany
    hello ,


    could you please tell me the defferance bettween

    present perfect and past perfect
    As Ron said, "perfect" means completed. Both of these tenses relate to actions completed in the past. The present perfect is used when the completed action is recent or has implications in the present.

    The past perfect is used for completed actions that were completed before another past refernce point.

    present perfect: I have just lost my glasses.
    past perfect: I had lost my glasses before yesterday's concert.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    simple past: I did it.
    present perfect: I have done it.
    past perfect: I had done it.
    simple present: I do it.
    past emphatic: I did do it.
    Both present perfect and past perfect concern actions that were completed in the past. The difference between the two is that the present perfect concerns actions that are immediately relevant. Better?

    8)

  7. #7
    RonBee's Avatar
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    Default Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    The past perfect is used for completed actions that were completed before another past refernce point.
    That is a better explanation than I have seen before.

    present perfect: I have just lost my glasses.
    past perfect: I had lost my glasses before yesterday's concert.
    Hopefully, others will chime in with some more examples.

    8)

  8. #8
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    Default Re: grammar

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    simple past: I did it.
    present perfect: I have done it.
    past perfect: I had done it.
    simple present: I do it.
    past emphatic: I did do it.
    Both present perfect and past perfect concern actions that were completed in the past. The difference between the two is that the present perfect concerns actions that are immediately relevant. Better?

    8)
    Yes.

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