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  1. #1
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    Default How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    How do we differentiate whether 'up' is an adverb or an adjective in these two sentences?:

    1) Your time is up.

    2) The sun is up.

  2. #2
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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    They have different meanings- the second describes the position in the sky, the first is a prahsal verb, 'be up', meaning that the time has finished.

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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    The sentences were taken from Merriam Webster online, which defines the first 'up' as an adverb and the second as an adjective. Why, I wonder.

    Oxford Advanced Learners' dictionary defines it similarly.

    I've always had the impression that 'up' is an adjective, especially in a 'noun is adjective' construction. Checking the dictionaries really had me quite confused.

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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    In the first the verb has two words: (be + up). They create a meaning together, so 'up' is modifying the verb, just as it is here:
    They had a row but have since made up.
    As the word is modifying the verb, to create a new meaning it is an adverb, though some also use the term particle.

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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    I'm still having problem seeing 'up' in the first as an adverb... My mind tends to read 'up' as an adjective, as something equivalent to 'finished'. Looking up a similar word 'off' in the dictionary made me even more confused...

  6. #6
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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    Do you see that it is a phrasal verb (two-word verb)?

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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    I can't see (be + up) as a phrasal verb in the first. I see up as more attached to the noun 'time' than modifying the verb 'is' . In fact, I didn't know that (be + up) is a phrasal verb as I usually associate a phrasal verb with (non-be verb + up) .
    Last edited by Questor; 20-Jul-2006 at 13:14.

  8. #8
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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    There are phrasal verbs with 'be'- take many of the phrasal verbs with 'get' (get up/get over) and you'll see that 'be' has equivalents for after the process of getting our of bed, over an illness, etc.

  9. #9
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    Default Re: How to differentiate between adverb and adjective?

    In this case, how could we analyze the sentence to see that up is actually modifying is instead of time in 'Your time is up'?

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