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Thread: grammar

  1. #1
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default grammar

    Dear teachers,

    In the sentence'Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50% of patients do not take drugs as directed' why as directed instead of as they are dicrected or as are directed?
    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    It's a lot tidier without the subject\verb IMO. Also, if you stuck them in, you might add 'to' after the verb. All round, it doesn't improve the sentence.

  3. #3
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Thank you for your explanation. But I have two questions: First, What does IMO mean? Second, after which word should I add 'to' ?
    Thank you.
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    It's a lot tidier without the subject\verb IMO. Also, if you stuck them in, you might add 'to' after the verb. All round, it doesn't improve the sentence.
    :?

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default

    In My Opinion, also IMHO (Humble).

    As they are directed to..

  5. #5
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
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    Default

    The "complete" sentence might read:
    • Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50% of patients do not take drugs as they are directed to by their doctors.


    However, the omitted words are understood and thus unnecessary.

    :)

  6. #6
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default

    I came across the sentence:

    I hope all the precautions against air pollution, as suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here.

    If I complete the clause it should be 'as was suggested by the local .....'. am I right?

    Thank you.

    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    The "complete" sentence might read:
    • Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50% of patients do not take drugs as they are directed to by their doctors.


    However, the omitted words are understood and thus unnecessary.

    :)
    :?

  7. #7
    RonBee's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    I came across the sentence:

    I hope all the precautions against air pollution, as suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here.

    If I complete the clause it should be 'as was suggested by the local .....'. am I right?

    Thank you.

    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    The "complete" sentence might read:
    • Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50% of patients do not take drugs as they are directed to by their doctors.


    However, the omitted words are understood and thus unnecessary.

    :)
    :?
    Yes, you can insert "was" there if you like. I think that clause is fine. However, the rest of the sentence seems a little odd. I would rewrite it. Perhaps:
    • I hope all the actions to prevent air pollution, as suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here.


    What do you think?

    :)

  8. #8
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default

    I have noticed you changed some words. I am sure you are right.
    Thanks!
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    I came across the sentence:

    I hope all the precautions against air pollution, as suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here.

    If I complete the clause it should be 'as was suggested by the local .....'. am I right?

    Thank you.

    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    The "complete" sentence might read:
    • Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50% of patients do not take drugs as they are directed to by their doctors.


    However, the omitted words are understood and thus unnecessary.

    :)
    :?
    Yes, you can insert "was" there if you like. I think that clause is fine. However, the rest of the sentence seems a little odd. I would rewrite it. Perhaps:
    • I hope all the actions to prevent air pollution, as suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here.


    What do you think?

    :)

  9. #9
    RonBee's Avatar
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    Default

    We do not take precautions against air pollution. Instead, we try not to cause it, or we take steps to prevent it.

  10. #10
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default

    Dear RonBee,

    Thank you so much for your further explanatin. To tell you the truth I didn't understand why you replaced 'precautions' with 'action' and used 'prevent'. I wanted very much to ask you the reason for that but being afraid of bothing you too much I didn't do so. It seems you guessed I don't understand it and you sent me the explanation. Now I fully understand the reason. Thanks!!!

    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    We do not take precautions against air pollution. Instead, we try not to cause it, or we take steps to prevent it.
    :D

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