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  1. #1
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    Default could you check this Abstract for me? tks

    Abstract
    Text refers to any piece of spoken or written language which forms a continuity in meaning. Since the 1970s, text analysis, as an important field of linguistic study, has received growing attention from linguists. The subject of text analysis is the relationship between the sentences that helps form the continuity. Cohesion, the semantic relation between the sentences in the text, naturally becomes the key notions of text analysis. Halliday & Hasanís theory of cohesion (1976), the most representative achievement in this field, gives a detailed and sufficient account of the English cohesive devices, and has aroused a keen interest in cohesion study. Reference, an important type of cohesive device, refers to the relationship between certain items in a language, which can only be interpreted by reference to something else. Reference plays a vital role in realizing cohesion, hence is the focus of the present study.
    However, in China most of the contrastive text analyses were conducted on text in its broad sense, with written language as their primary data of analysis, and there were few studies applying the theory of text analysis to a specific style of language or using oral texts as the data. The present study attempts to use a special type of text, political speeches, as the data, as they exhibit the dual characteristics of both written and spoken language, and adopt abundant cohesive devices in their organization. The study aims at revealing as many similarities and differences between English and Chinese reference systems as possible, and tries to interpret the differences from the linguistic and cultural perspective.
    Based on Halliday and Hasanís theory of cohesion, the thesis conducts a quantitative study on the English and Chinese reference systems, interprets the findings, and explores the causes of the differences and similarities.
    The thesis first reviews the achievements of Halliday & Hasan, and the development in this field made by Hu Zhuanglin, etc. After summarizing the features of previous studies, purposes of the present study are made clear.
    In the second chapter of the thesis, some basic concepts are clarified, and the types of reference are introduced. Then the thesis discusses the unique features of political speeches, and their affect on the use of reference.
    The main body of the thesis, Chapter Three conducts a detailed and profound investigation of reference in English and Chinese political speeches through the methods of illustration and frequency analysis.
    The fourth chapter discusses the frequent use of exphora caused by the specific situation of political speech delivery, and the frequent use of zero reference which is a prominent feature of Chinese language.
    The conclusion of the present study is that although all the types of reference are found in both English and Chinese political speeches, they differ in usage, and frequency. The discrepancies stem from the differences in linguistic system, the cultural conventions and the mode of thinking. Apart from the differences, similarities still exist in the use of reference, as a result of the common feature of political speeches, and the common situation for the delivery. Another major claim of the present study is that exophoric reference, though does not directly bind sentences in a text, helps to achieve cohesion in an indirect way.
    Key words: reference; cohesion; text; contrast analysis; political speeches

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: could you check this Abstract for me? tks

    Cohesion, the semantic relation between the sentences in the text, naturally becomes the key notions of text analysis. - why notions in the plural?
    or using oral texts as the data.- why not cut 'as the data'?
    Hu Zhuanglin, etc- I don't like the use of 'etc' here
    , Chapter Three - , Chapter Three,

  3. #3
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    Default Re: could you check this Abstract for me? tks

    Quote Originally Posted by Tdol View Post
    Cohesion, the semantic relation between the sentences in the text, naturally becomes the key notions of text analysis. - why notions in the plural? yeah, u r right, should be notion.
    or using oral texts as the data.- why not cut 'as the data'? yeah,
    Hu Zhuanglin, etc- I don't like the use of 'etc' here how about ' and others'?
    , Chapter Three - , Chapter Three,
    thank you.

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: could you check this Abstract for me? tks

    You're welcome.

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