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  1. #1
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    Dear teachers,

    Is there a reason why the suffixe "ed" in participles / adjectives is pronounced "id" whether the consonant is voiced or voiceless ?

    example: "wicked, learned, beloved, aged"

    Would you please give me more?

    Many thanks,
    Hela

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    Learned- the participle is pronounced 'd', but the adjective is 'id'
    Beloved/aged- the pronunciation varies accortding to context and the need for the extra syllable, so poetry often has it

  3. #3
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    Default Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    Hi hela,
    Three more adjectives: crooked, three-legged, blessed [id].
    Sorry, I can't answer your question why.
    Rgs

  4. #4
    BobK's Avatar
    BobK is offline Harmless drudge
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    Default Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    This is inconsistent:
    'wicked' - two syllables, /wikid/
    but 'licked', picked' and 'ticked' - the rule seems to be 'if it's a verb, it's pronounced /-ikt/' (not a general rule of course, just a way of describing what happens to words spelt '-icked')

    But at least the pronunciation of '<consonant>icket' is predictable:
    'cricket', 'picket', 'rickets', 'ticket', thicket', 'wicket' - all sound /-ikit/

    It's just one of those things you have to learn - sorry.

    b

  5. #5
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    Thank you for your help!

    Best wishes

  6. #6
    MrPedantic is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives



    How embarrassing...I think I use a schwa...

    MrP

    PS: Welcome back, Hela! I haven't seen you for a while.

  7. #7
    BobK's Avatar
    BobK is offline Harmless drudge
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    Unhappy Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    Quote Originally Posted by MrPedantic View Post

    How embarrassing...I think I use a schwa...
    .
    .
    .
    The embarrassment is all mine. I keep forgetting how many idiolects there are.

    b

  8. #8
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    Red face Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    We frequentlly use the tongue twister:

    'Round and round the rugged rocks the ragged rascal ran'

    But can somone help me with a sentence that uses 'aged' as a verb?

    Thanks

  9. #9
    BobK's Avatar
    BobK is offline Harmless drudge
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    Default Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    Dear teachers,

    Is there a reason why the suffixe "ed" in participles / adjectives is pronounced "id" whether the consonant is voiced or voiceless ?

    example: "wicked, learned, beloved, aged"

    Would you please give me more?

    Many thanks,
    Hela
    Hang on Hela - that's not right: 'wicked' is an adjective, not a past participle. There are several '-icked' participles - licked, kick, picked, ticked etc, and they're all pronounced as one syllable - /ıkt/. you're right about the pronunciation of 'wicked' though: two syllables, the last being /ıd/.

    b

  10. #10
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: pronunciation of "ed" in adjectives

    Quote Originally Posted by devyani.rajput View Post
    We frequentlly use the tongue twister:

    'Round and round the rugged rocks the ragged rascal ran'

    But can somone help me with a sentence that uses 'aged' as a verb?

    Thanks
    He's aged a lot since I last saw him.

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