As to the syllabic consonants, are there some words in English that consist only of consonants?
In Czech, there are quite many word "ztvrdl", "strč prst skrz krk" etc. However, are there any in English? I guess there are; I just don't know any :).
>> if it's a "vowel letter" then it's ONLY 5 i.e. "a, e, i, o, u (and, at times, "y")
>> if it's a "vowel sound" then it's @ (as in "about"), e (as in "bet"), I (as in "it"), i: (as in "eat"), 3: (as in "hurt"), o (as in "hot"), O: (as in "sort"), U (as in "put"), u: (as in "move").
Now, in the context of "phonetics", which is to do with "sounds", there's NO NO word in English which has got NO vowel "sound". However, you may consider "words" like: "Hmm", "Mmm", "Shhhhh", "Psst", etc. to be the once that's NO vowel sound in it.
At the same time, in the context of JUST "words", then in English language, there're few words that NO vowel "letter" in it. These include:
>> crwth (a Welsh musical intrument)
>> sky (however, don't forget that "y" COULD BE considered as "vowel", at times)
Hope that was helpful.
I have seen people make a case for nth as one without a vowel letter. (The nth degree, etc)
In the following words "y" is seen as a "Consonant":
However, for the following words, "y" is considered to be as "Vowel sound" (representing EITHER "I" OR "i" sound):
>> rhythm (I)
>> activity (i)
>> pity (i)
Y is considered a consonant if it is connected with aother vowel in the word (=> /j/ )
On the other hand, it is considered a vowel if it is pronounced as "I" or "i".
What is it if it's pronounce d as /ai/? E.g. in the words "my, sky, dry" etc.?
What about "dye"?