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    #1

    the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    The sequence of tenses is required in indirect question?
    Would anyone please tell me?
    For examle,
    1.Do you know who he is?
    2.Did you know who he is? (incorrect?)
    3.Did you kno who he was?
    4.He asked me how old he is? (incorrect?)
    Thank you in advance.

  1. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    Quote Originally Posted by YOSHITAKEHORI View Post
    The sequence of tenses is required in indirect question?
    Would anyone please tell me?
    For examle,
    1.Do you know who he is?
    2.Did you know who he is? (incorrect?)
    3.Did you kno who he was?
    4.He asked me how old he is? (incorrect?)
    Thank you in advance.
    The tenses in subordiante clauses do not have to agree with the main clause. It is very common that we do that with the past tense, but it is based on logic.

    1. correct
    2. also correct (one can assume he is still who he was)
    3. correct (even though he is still who he was)
    4. incorrect (he is not necessarily the same age now)


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    #3

    Re: the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    The tenses in subordiante clauses do not have to agree with the main clause. It is very common that we do that with the past tense, but it is based on logic.

    1. correct
    2. also correct (one can assume he is still who he was)
    3. correct (even though he is still who he was)
    4. incorrect (he is not necessarily the same age now)
    MikeNewYork,

    Thank you for your reply! But I don't still understand it.
    (Sorry but I cannot explain well how I don't understand)
    How about the following sentences?

    Did you watch how I threw the ball at that game?
    Did you watch how I had thrown the ball at that game?

    Thank you.

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    Quote Originally Posted by YOSHITAKEHORI View Post
    MikeNewYork,

    Thank you for your reply! But I don't still understand it.
    (Sorry but I cannot explain well how I don't understand)
    How about the following sentences?

    Did you watch how I threw the ball at that game?
    Did you watch how I had thrown the ball at that game?

    Thank you.
    The first is fine. The second uses the past perfect in the second clause. That doesn't work.

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    #5

    Re: the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    incorrect (he is not necessarily the same age now)
    Is it correct if he is still the same age?

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    Quote Originally Posted by dihen View Post
    Is it correct if he is still the same age?
    Yes, if it was recent.


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    #7

    Re: the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    MikeNewYork

    Thank you very much!

  4. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #8

    Re: the sequence of tenses in indirect question

    Quote Originally Posted by YOSHITAKEHORI View Post
    MikeNewYork

    Thank you very much!
    You're welcome.

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