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  1. #1
    Mag is offline Newbie
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    Smile Asking about the sentence structure

    Hello, everybody,
    I want to know the following sentence is a compound sentence or compound complex sentence. Also, how many clauses in it?
    Here is the sentence:
    Alice guessed that he was looking for his fan and white kid gloves and good-naturedly joined in the hunt, but the Rabbit's belongings were nowhere to be seen.
    Hope any of you can give me the explanation. Thanks.
    Mag

  2. #2
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    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Quote Originally Posted by Mag View Post
    Hello, everybody,
    I want to know the following sentence is a compound sentence or compound complex sentence. Also, how many clauses in it?
    Here is the sentence:
    Alice guessed that he was looking for his fan and white kid gloves and good-naturedly joined in the hunt, but the Rabbit's belongings were nowhere to be seen.
    Hope any of you can give me the explanation. Thanks.
    Mag
    A compound sentence has more than one independent clause.
    A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
    A compound-complex sentence has more than one independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.

    Your sentence has three clauses, 2 independent and one dependent, so it is compound-complex. I will mark the clauses in color. Incidentally, the first independent clause has two verbs joined by a conjunction, but it is one clause.

    Alice guessed that he was looking for his fan and white kid gloves and good-naturedly joined in the hunt, but the Rabbit's belongings were nowhere to be seen.

    orange = dependent clause

  3. #3
    Mag is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Hi,
    So, is the dependent clause a relative clause? I mean, can a dependent clause be a relative clause,pls explain. Thanks

    Moreover. what is 'that' in the sentence? Is it an object?
    'he was looking for his fan and his white kid' ---object compliment? Am I right?
    mag
    Last edited by Mag; 25-Oct-2006 at 17:57.

  4. #4
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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Quote Originally Posted by Mag View Post
    Hi,
    So, is the dependent clause a relative clause? I mean, can a dependent clause be a relative clause,pls explain. Thanks

    Moreover. what is 'that' in the sentence? Is it an object?
    'he was looking for his fan and his white kid' ---object compliment? Am I right?
    mag
    Any clause that cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence is a dependent clause. There are various kinds of dependent clause. A relative clause is one type. This clause is a noun clause. It acts as the direct object of the verb "guessed", because it answers "what did Alice guess?"
    In that sentence "that" is a conjunction used to introduce the noun clause. It has no function in the clause itself. As a matter of fact, it could be omitted.

  5. #5
    Mag is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Hi,
    Isn't that:
    'that he was looking for his fan and white kid gloves' -- is the object of the sentence or is the verb compliment?
    Does it have an object in the sentence?
    One more question is about the first independent clause, I think 'Alice guessed' is the main clause and 'good naturedly joined in the hunt' is another independent clause. Am I right? Pls tell...because right now I'm so confused!!
    Thanks
    Last edited by Mag; 26-Oct-2006 at 07:40.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Considering terminology, "that" is known as "conjunction" in such contexts.

  7. #7
    Mag is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Hi, mehmetmemger,
    Pls tell us more details......why 'that' is the conjunction in the sentence? It means it mustn't be a relative clause, right?
    Mag

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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Quote Originally Posted by Mag View Post
    Hi, mehmetmemger,
    Pls tell us more details......why 'that' is the conjunction in the sentence? It means it mustn't be a relative clause, right?
    Mag
    No, actually it is a THAT Clause, that's to say, a noun clause.

  9. #9
    Mag is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Hi, mehmetmamger,
    So, 'that he was looking for his fan and gloves' is the verb compliment in the sentence, right? Pls tell..........thanks so much!
    Mag

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    Default Re: Asking about the sentence structure

    Exactly it is.

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