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  1. #1
    Ju is offline Senior Member
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    Red face vocabularies for F & B

    What are the vocabularies for describing the following:


    1) difference texture of meat
    eg. stiff, jerky, tender, juicy, undercook, overdone, overcook, race, medium, done....any more?

    2) What is the difference between raw and undercook?

    3) What is the difference between gravy, sauce, juice?

    4) How should I ask the guest in a polite way of how the beef steak / egg would like to be cooked, like 70% cooked, or 90% cooked.....? How should the guest answer in proper/polite way?


    5) egg
    overcook, undercook, medium, sunny side up.......any more?

    6) soup / porridge
    thick, thin, watery, tastless...........any more?

    7) What is the difference between thin and watery?

    8) fruit
    crispy, juicy, fruity.......any more?

    9) raw green (eg. salad)
    crispy, crunchy, fresh, ........any more?

    10) veggy
    overcook, undercook, fresh, crispy.......any more?

    11) bad smell of food as it's deterioated?

    12) we say fishy for fish, how about beef, lamb, chicken.......?

    13) the bad taste of a deterioated nut, milk?

    14) fizzy drink is not bubbling eg. champagne, soft drink, beer? Can I say "a glass of flat beer/champagne/soft drink"?
    How should I make a sentence, "The beer has been ________"?

    15) Can we say stale for all kinds of food and beverages which have been deterioated?

    16) the cake is not spongy?

    17) the cake is not totally raised during baking, and turned to poor in presentation and rough in texture?

    18) Shall we call aroma for good smell of all food and beverages? How about fragance and smell?

    Thanks.

  2. #2
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    Default Re: vocabularies for F & B

    1) difference texture of meat
    eg. stiff, jerky, tender, juicy, undercooked, overdone, overcooked, rare, medium, done....any more?

    bleu, medium-rare, medium-well done, well done,

    2) What is the difference between raw and undercook?

    raw: never touched by heat; not cooked at all
    undercooked: not cooked as much as wanted; not cooked enough.
    rare: cooked lightly (as ordered) (for meat only)

    3) What is the difference between gravy, sauce, juice?

    gravy: a thick sauce made out of the juice that comes out of cooking meat mixed with a thickener such as flour or cornstarch. There may also be spices or other flavours.

    sauce: any semi-liquid mixture that is meant to coat other items of food and to add flavour to them. Examples: pasta sauce, chocolate sauce, hot sauce, dipping sauce, chili sauce, special sauce, etc.

    juice: raw, unprocessed liquid that bleeds from cooked meat, or is squeezed from fresh fuits and vegetables.

    4) How should I ask the guest in a polite way of how the beef steak / egg would like to be cooked, like 70% cooked, or 90% cooked.....? How should the guest answer in proper/polite way?

    Q:"...and how would you like your (whatever) cooked/done/prepared?"
    A:"I would like it (medium / over-easy / well done / bleu / scrambled ) please"


    5) egg
    overcook, undercook, medium, sunny side up.......any more?

    poached, fried, over-easy, runny, with hard yolks, with soft yolks, with runny yolks, scrambled, hard boiled, soft boiled.

    6) soup / porridge
    thick, thin, watery, tastless...........any more?

    hearty,

    and for soup only: clear, light, creamy, vegetable, (type of meat as adjective),

    7) What is the difference between thin and watery?

    thin: runny, free flowing, but not necessarily low in flavour.

    watery: usually refers to being thin, and tasting like nothing at all

    8) fruit
    crispy, juicy, fruity.......any more?

    sweet, tart, sour, refreshing, exotic, unique

    9) raw green (eg. salad)
    crispy, crunchy, fresh, ........any more?

    ....no not really

    10) veggy
    overcooked, undercooked, fresh, crispy.......any more?

    blanched, mushy, crunchy, old

    11) bad smell of food as it's deterioated?

    "it smells 'off'"
    "it has gone off"
    "it has gone/smells bad"
    "it has gone/smells sour"
    "it has gone/smells rotten"

    12) we say fishy for fish, how about beef, lamb, chicken.......?

    see number 11. Fish has a distinctive smell so it gets a special word.

    13) the bad taste of a deterioated nut, milk?

    sour, off, bad (not usually rotten)

    14) fizzy drink is not bubbling eg. champagne, soft drink, beer? Can I say "a glass of flat beer/champagne/soft drink"?
    How should I make a sentence, "The beer has been ________"?

    "the beer has gone flat. "



    15) Can we say stale for all kinds of food and beverages which have been deterioated?

    no, only breads and cookies and such foods that go bad by getting drier, harder, and losing more flavour. (a raisin will probably go stale, but a grape will go rotten)

    16) the cake is not spongy?

    ...you said it! .... the cake is 'heavy'

    17) the cake is not totally raised during baking, and turned to poor in presentation and rough in texture?

    18) Shall we call aroma for good smell of all food and beverages? How about fragance and smell?

    both are nice as well, especially aroma and fragrance have good connotations.

    Thanks.

    Your welcome.... whew, that was a long one. but hey, I was a chef once

  3. #3
    Ouisch's Avatar
    Ouisch is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: vocabularies for F & B

    17. If a cake looks flat or collapsed in the center, we say it has "fallen" or it "fell."

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