Results 1 to 5 of 5
  1. #1
    jiang is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • China
    Join Date
    Nov 2003
    Posts
    2,671
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default comprehension and vocabulary

    Dear teachers,

    I have two questions to ask. One is comprehension the other is vocabulary.

    I find shudder, tremble, shake and shiver are extremely confusing because their definitions overlap. So please read the following sentences. Could you please tell me which of the following words can be put in each blank?


    A. Comprehension
    Could you please kindly explain the sentence?
    Simple survival needs like hunger, thirst, and sexual desire are relatively clear-cut, and we quickly learn what particular discomfort is attached to the denial of these basic needs.


    B. Vocabulary
    No.1
    The night in the desert was cold. We were all __________.
    'trembling', 'shivering' and 'shuddering' can be put here. Is that right?

    No.2
    He __________ with anger when he heard that news.
    Only 'shook' can be used here. Is that right?

    No.3
    To tell you the truth, I was so frightened that I was ________ like a leaf.
    'trembling', 'shaking' and 'shivering' can be used. Is that right?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. #2
    BobK's Avatar
    BobK is offline Harmless drudge
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK
    Join Date
    Jul 2006
    Posts
    15,649
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: comprehension and vocabulary

    A. Comprehension
    Could you please kindly explain the sentence?
    Simple survival needs like hunger, thirst, and sexual desire are relatively clear-cut, and we quickly learn what particular discomfort is attached to the denial of these basic needs.

    You could probably work this out, jiang, but for a tricky noun cluster: 'survival needs' are things necessary for survival. Why not try guessing the rest? I'll help out if necessary.


    B. Vocabulary
    No.1
    The night in the desert was cold. We were all __________.
    'trembling', 'shivering' and 'shuddering' can be put here. Is that right? - use 'shivering' here.

    No.2
    He __________ with anger when he heard that news.
    Only 'shook' can be used here. Is that right? (or I suppose you could make it a bit more graphic and say 'He boiled over with anger...' or even 'He was livid when he heard that news'. But 'shook' is the obvious choice.)

    No.3
    To tell you the truth, I was so frightened that I was ________ like a leaf.
    'trembling', 'shaking' and 'shivering' can be used. Is that right?
    The first two are more often used to show fear (which is why 'shivering' works best in (1) - because that is about cold rather than fear).
    Of course, if a situation was both cold and frightening, you could say something like this:

    'I was so cold and frightened when I was locked in the cold-store that I was trembling, shaking and shivering all at the same time.'

    b
    Last edited by BobK; 29-Nov-2006 at 16:53. Reason: Clarification

  3. #3
    jiang is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • China
    Join Date
    Nov 2003
    Posts
    2,671
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: comprehension and vocabulary

    &
    Dear BobK,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I understand the vocabulary.
    I am afraid I didn't show clearly which part I don't understand. I put the part that I don't understand in quotation marks and in red. Could you please explain the meaning of it?

    Simple survival needs like hunger, thirst, and sexual desire are relatively clear-cut, and we quickly learn what particular discomfort is attached to the "denial of these basic needs".

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by BobK View Post
    Of course, if a situation was both cold and frightening, you could say something like this:

    'I was so cold and frightened when I was locked in the cold-store that I was trembling, shaking and shivering all at the same time.'

    b

  4. #4
    BobK's Avatar
    BobK is offline Harmless drudge
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK
    Join Date
    Jul 2006
    Posts
    15,649
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: comprehension and vocabulary

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    ...
    Simple survival needs like hunger, thirst, and sexual desire are relatively clear-cut, and we quickly learn what particular discomfort is attached to the "denial of these basic needs".

    ...
    The verb deny, apart from its more common meaning ('say that ... not') can also mean 'withdraw/deprive of'; and attached to means linked to or associated with. What that clause is saying is: 'We quickly learn the particular [sort of] discomfort that withdrawing basic things like food and drink can cause.'

    b
    ps - I'm not being prudish by not mentioning sex in my example; I just don't agree that the withdrawal of 'sexual desire' (or indeed plain sex) causes 'particular discomfort'. I can think of other needs the denial of which can cause physical pain.

  5. #5
    jiang is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • China
    Join Date
    Nov 2003
    Posts
    2,671
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: comprehension and vocabulary


    Dear BobK,

    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I see the problem. I thought 'deny' means 'say that....not'.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by BobK View Post
    The verb deny, apart from its more common meaning ('say that ... not') can also mean 'withdraw/deprive of'; and attached to means linked to or associated with. What that clause is saying is: 'We quickly learn the particular [sort of] discomfort that withdrawing basic things like food and drink can cause.'

    b
    ps - I'm not being prudish by not mentioning sex in my example; I just don't agree that the withdrawal of 'sexual desire' (or indeed plain sex) causes 'particular discomfort'. I can think of other needs the denial of which can cause physical pain.

Similar Threads

  1. comprehension, vocabulary and grammar
    By jiang in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 11
    Last Post: 06-Jun-2004, 20:18
  2. comprehension and vocabulary
    By jiang in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 14
    Last Post: 23-May-2004, 11:05
  3. comprehension, vocabulary and grammar
    By jiang in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 17-May-2004, 13:39
  4. comprehension, vocabulary and grammar
    By jiang in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 19-Apr-2004, 14:19
  5. comprehension, vocabulary and grammar
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 13-Apr-2004, 16:32

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •