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Thread: Suffixes

  1. #1
    hopechest is offline Newbie
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    Default Suffixes

    A simple question came up during a chat.

    I know a "gerund" is, "in English, a form derived from a verb by the addition of the suffix "-ing" that functions as a noun". But are there any other verb forms with special names when you add a suffix, such as "-ism" or "-ly"?

    P.S. This is such a useful and helpful forum.

  2. #2
    RonBee's Avatar
    RonBee is offline Moderator
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    I don't think so. For example, ism is generally added to a noun. Examples:
    • capital--capitalism
      social--socialism
      Nazi--Nazism
      cube--cubism


    :)

  3. #3
    hopechest is offline Newbie
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    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    I don't think so. For example, ism is generally added to a noun.
    Oopsie. I should have been more general and asked, "Are there special names for any words when you add suffixes or, while we're at it, prefixes?"

    ^^;;

  4. #4
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    RonBee is offline Moderator
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    Quote Originally Posted by hopechest
    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    I don't think so. For example, ism is generally added to a noun.
    Oopsie. I should have been more general and asked, "Are there special names for any words when you add suffixes or, while we're at it, prefixes?"

    ^^;;
    I don't think so, but perhaps someone else knows of such a word.

    :)

  5. #5
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    It depends on the function of the prefix, but I know of no word. Prefixes and suffixes are morphems:
    http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/morpheme.html

  6. #6
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by hopechest
    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    I don't think so. For example, ism is generally added to a noun.
    Oopsie. I should have been more general and asked, "Are there special names for any words when you add suffixes or, while we're at it, prefixes?"

    ^^;;
    If you are talking about the original word, it is called a root or word word.

    prefix + root word = new word
    suffix + root word = new word

  7. #7
    hopechest is offline Newbie
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    If you are talking about the original word, it is called a root or word word.

    prefix + root word = new word
    suffix + root word = new word
    I'm talking about instances similar to:
    verb + ing = noun (gerund)

    It's not important, and as far as I know there are no other similar cases, but some friends and I got into an English discussion and this question came up.

  8. #8
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by hopechest
    If you are talking about the original word, it is called a root or word word.

    prefix + root word = new word
    suffix + root word = new word
    I'm talking about instances similar to:
    verb + ing = noun (gerund)
    It applies to that. In "buying", the root is "buy" and "ing" is the suffix.

  9. #9
    yulia Guest

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    Could you, please, help me with the identification of the gerund. I often happen to confuse it with the participle. Sometimes I can hardly distinguish the difference between gerund and participle.
    Thanks in advance.

  10. #10
    yulia Guest

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    Quote Originally Posted by yulia
    Thank, Cas, hopefully it'll help me. :P
    Sorry, my computer seem to have stuck, so I posted my reply at the top.
    Anyway, Thanks again. :P

    You are most welcome. :D

    Why use the "razz" ( :P ) emoticon? :(

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