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  1. #1
    raelynn Guest

    Preposition- participal -gerund- Infinitive or absolute.

    Hi, help me identify the phrase in these sentences am I wrong or right, using these terms:
    Preposition- participal -gerund- Infinitive or absolute.

    1. Get off the grass! Preposition

    2. Be careful not scratch the furniture. absolute

    3. My goal achieved, I could rest easily. participal

    4. Achieving one's goal is not always easy. gerund

    5. Having achieved my goal, I could rest easy. gerund

  2. #2
    Join Date
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    Re: Preposition- participal -gerund- Infinitive or absolute.

    Quote Originally Posted by raelynn
    Hi, help me identify the phrase in these sentences. Am I wrong or right, using these terms: preposition, participle, gerund, infinitive or absolute.
    Prepositional phrases begin with a preposition (e.g. off the grass); infinitive phrases begin with to, and to is followed by a verb (e.g. to scratch); gerund phrases act as nouns and begin with a word ending in -ing (e.g. Achieving one's goal); absolute phrases can begin with a preposition, infinitive, gerund, or participle. They are parenthetical, so they can be left out of the sentence (e.g. I could rest => Subject-Verb; Having achieved my goal, I could rest => absolute phrase, Subject-Verb.)

    1. Get off the grass! preposition (OK)

    2. Be careful not to scratch the furniture. infinitive

    3. My goal achieved, I could rest easily. noun/absolute

    4. Achieving one's goal is not always easy. gerund (OK)

    5. Having achieved my goal, I could rest easy. participle/absolute ; My goal having been achieved

    All the best,

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