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  1. #1
    raelynn Guest

    Default Sentence Patterns

    Hi, thanks for your help.

    I am having trouble with these, please check and see if I am correct.

    Patterns: 1: Subject Predicate
    2. Sub. Pred. Direct Obj.
    3: Sub. Pred. Indirect Obj. Direct Obj.
    4: Sub. Linking Verb Predicate Noun
    5: Sub. Linking Verb Pred. Adjective


    1. Hoping to win first prize, Tom entered the contest.

    I say it is pattern 4

    2. She always stood up for what she believed in.

    I say pattern 3

    3. London, which is the largest city in England, is also the capital of that country.
    I say pattern 4

    4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.

    I say pattern 3

    5. To err is human; to forgive is divine.
    I say pattern 5

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    1. Hoping to win first prize, Tom entered the contest.

    This doesn't have a linking verb.

  3. #3
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    2. She always stood up for what she believed in.

    I see only one object here (what she believed in)

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
    I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.

  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
    I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.
    Exactly what is it then if it is not an object?


  6. #6
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
    I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.
    Exactly what is it then if it is not an object?

    "Cooperating" is a gerund, introducing a gerund phrase: gerund + two prepositional phrase modifiers. The gerund phrase is the object of the preposition "by".

    This sentence would be: Subject-verb-indirect object-direct object (-adverb), IMO.

  7. #7
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    I think sincerity is the direct object.

  8. #8
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    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    I think sincerity is the direct object.
    I agree. :wink:

  9. #9
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    I meant I didn't see it as the object of the verb.

  10. #10
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    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    Quote Originally Posted by RonBee
    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    4. He showed his father his sincerity by cooperating with all his teachers at school.
    I don't see 'by co-operating...' as an object.
    Exactly what is it then if it is not an object?

    "Cooperating" is a gerund, introducing a gerund phrase: gerund + two prepositional phrase modifiers. The gerund phrase is the object of the preposition "by".

    This sentence would be: Subject-verb-indirect object-direct object (-adverb), IMO.
    Thanks, Mike! Your opinion is invariably a worthy one.

    :)

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