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  1. #1
    sariputra is offline Junior Member
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    Default English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    Dear sir/ma'am

    I have a question about my English exercise of filling the correct tenses.
    *************************************************
    My cousin and her husband live in Hanwell, one of the suburbs of London. One morning they (0) woke up (wake up) to find to their dismay that their car (1)__had been stolen___(steal) from outside their house. They immediately (2)__phoned___ (phone) the police to report the theft, before (3)__leaving___ (leave) for work by bus.
    When they (4)__returned___ (return) home later the same day, they (5)__found__ (find) to their surprise that their car (6) __had been brought back___ (bring back) and was parked in its usual place outside their house. Under one of the windscreen wipers (7)__was__ (be) a small envelope.
    *************************************************
    My question is No.6. why "had been brought back" and was parked …
    NOT “was brought back” and was parked…. ?

    Could you please explain it to me?
    Last edited by sariputra; 27-Mar-2007 at 05:56.

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    Because the bringing back occurred before they found it, but the parking describes a state that was still true at the time of their finding it.

  3. #3
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    Default Re: English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    "had been brought back" is Past perfect tense. mean that it happened in the past and is still happening a little bit more at the time of present ,not finished yet.I mean that: They are seeing their car

    example : Past simple . happened in the past and finished at the time it happened
    They immediately (2)__phoned_
    they (4)__returned
    "was parked" is a Simple past tense . I think that also can use " parked"
    ex: Active - Ann wrote a letter or They offered Ann the job
    Passive - A letter was written by Ann or Ann was offered the job
    or The job was offered to Ann
    All these things I say above is just my little experiance about grammar , I am not really sure that its right 100%, because i learned about it for long time ago .But i have tried my best to help u , hope that it will be help you understand what i want to say .

    By the way , "it is understood and
    Could you please explain it to me?" should say "it is understanding....parked also like ...., isnt it? " and " Could you explain it for me , please " . I think , with this my sound is better then yours best wishes

  4. #4
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    Default Re: English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    It is my understanding that ........

    I believe that is what you were asking Ngoc.

  5. #5
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    Default Re: English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    Hello, Ngoc Du.

    "had been brought back" and "was parked" are passive constructs.

    Active: Someone had brought back the car.
    Passibe: The car had been brought back (by someone).

    Active: Someone parked the car.
    Passive: The car was parked (by someone)

    Passive is used for several reasons, one of which is when you don't know who committed the act.

    Hope that helps.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    Quote Originally Posted by Ngoc Du View Post
    "had been brought back" is Past perfect tense. mean that it happened in the past and is still happening a little bit more at the time of present ,not finished yet.
    That's more like the present perfect. The past perfect connects two events in the past. The verb carrying had + -ed/en happened first. Like this,

    Event 1: I ate dinner. <It happened first>
    Event 2: I washed the dishes. <It happened second>

    Past Perfect: I had eaten dinner before I washed the dishes
    Past Perfect: Before I washed the dishes I had eaten dinner.

    Event 1: Someone brought back their car. <It happened first>
    Event 2: They returned home. <It happened second>

    Past Perfect: They returned home to find that their car had been brought back (by someone).

    Past Perfect: Their car had been brought back (by someone) before they had returned home.

    Hope that helps out some.

    All the best.

  7. #7
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    Default Re: English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    hi Casiopea,

    Thank you very much about your explainations to me . its really reminding to me ,also can help me to understand more about grammar which sort of u are saying . Once more thank to you, friend

    best regard

  8. #8
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    Default Re: English exercise of filling the correct tenses

    You're most welcome, Ngoc Du. That's what we are here for.

    All the best.

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