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  1. #1
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default paralled structure

    Dear teachers,

    Please read the following part:

    (1) To partially overcome the problem of funds and to speed the import of Western technology, Hungary sold a 30% stake in its naional phone company to two Western companies. (2) To further reduce the waiting list for phones, Hungary has leased rights to a Dutch-Scandinavian group of companies to build and operate what it says will be one of the most advanced digital mobile phone systems in the world.

    My question is why in the first sentence we have 'To partially ....and to speed....." while in the second sentence we only have ' to build and operate......' instead of ' to build and to operate'?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default

    With 'To build an operate', the two verbs are very close together, so there is not need to repeat 'to', though you could. In the first example, they are further apart. Where there is a risk of confusion, it is better to include 'to'.

  3. #3
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    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: paralled structure

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Dear teachers,

    Please read the following part:

    (1) To partially overcome the problem of funds and to speed the import of Western technology, Hungary sold a 30% stake in its naional phone company to two Western companies. (2) To further reduce the waiting list for phones, Hungary has leased rights to a Dutch-Scandinavian group of companies to build and operate what it says will be one of the most advanced digital mobile phone systems in the world.

    My question is why in the first sentence we have 'To partially ....and to speed....." while in the second sentence we only have ' to build and operate......' instead of ' to build and to operate'?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    What TDOL said. :wink:

  4. #4
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    :D

    Thanks a lot!

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    With 'To build an operate', the two verbs are very close together, so there is not need to repeat 'to', though you could. In the first example, they are further apart. Where there is a risk of confusion, it is better to include 'to'.

  5. #5
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    Default Re: paralled structure

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Dear teachers,

    Please read the following part:

    (1) To partially overcome the problem of funds and to speed the import of Western technology, Hungary sold a 30% stake in its naional phone company to two Western companies. (2) To further reduce the waiting list for phones, Hungary has leased rights to a Dutch-Scandinavian group of companies to build and operate what it says will be one of the most advanced digital mobile phone systems in the world.

    My question is why in the first sentence we have 'To partially ....and to speed....." while in the second sentence we only have ' to build and operate......' instead of ' to build and to operate'?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    In addition to tdol's suggestion, consider the following parallel constructions:

    to-infinitive + to-infinitive = [to overcome] and [to speed]

    (1) (In order) to overcome the problem of funds and (in order) to speed the import of Western technology, ....


    to-infinitive + verb phrase = to [build and operate]

    (2) (In order) to further reduce the waiting list for phones, Hungary has leased rights to a Dutch-Scandinavian group of companies to build and operate....


    All the best,

  6. #6
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: paralled structure

    Thanks a lot!
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Dear teachers,

    Please read the following part:

    (1) To partially overcome the problem of funds and to speed the import of Western technology, Hungary sold a 30% stake in its naional phone company to two Western companies. (2) To further reduce the waiting list for phones, Hungary has leased rights to a Dutch-Scandinavian group of companies to build and operate what it says will be one of the most advanced digital mobile phone systems in the world.

    My question is why in the first sentence we have 'To partially ....and to speed....." while in the second sentence we only have ' to build and operate......' instead of ' to build and to operate'?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    In addition to tdol's suggestion, consider the following parallel constructions:

    to-infinitive + to-infinitive = [to overcome] and [to speed]

    (1) (In order) to overcome the problem of funds and (in order) to speed the import of Western technology, ....


    to-infinitive + verb phrase = to [build and operate]

    (2) (In order) to further reduce the waiting list for phones, Hungary has leased rights to a Dutch-Scandinavian group of companies to build and operate....


    All the best,

  7. #7
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    Default Re: paralled structure

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Thanks a lot!
    Jiang
    You are welcome

    All the best,

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