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    #1

    finite verb and infinite verb

    Could anyone explain, what is `finite verb' and `infinite verb'.

    I know really it is too lengthy to explain.

    So,
    Just explain me the basic meaning of the same briefly. Then, I would learn from any other source.

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #2

    Re: finite verb and infinite verb

    OK. Just the basics.

    A finite verb can change its form:

    To walk
    1st person: I walk, walked
    2nd person: You walk, walked
    3rd person: She walks, walked

    The -s in "walks" and the -ed in "walked" are tense markers. Finite verbs can change their tense. Non-finite verbs cannot. Moreover, non-finite verbs don't change form at all, not even in the 3rd person singular:

    1st person: I am walking
    2nd person: You are walking
    3rd person: She is walking

    The words "am", "are", and "is" are finite verbs. They carry tense; they change form. The word "walking" does not change form - it can't be a finite verb. It's a non-finite verb. Specifically, it's a participle.

    Non-finite verbs
    Bare stems: I can walk.
    Infinitive forms: I like to walk.
    Present participle: I am walking;
    Past participle: I have walked; passive: The dog was walked

    All the best.


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    #3

    Re: finite verb and infinite verb

    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea View Post
    OK. Just the basics.

    A finite verb can change its form:

    To walk
    1st person: I walk, walked
    2nd person: You walk, walked
    3rd person: She walks, walked

    The -s in "walks" and the -ed in "walked" are tense markers. Finite verbs can change their tense. Non-finite verbs cannot. Moreover, non-finite verbs don't change form at all, not even in the 3rd person singular:

    1st person: I am walking
    2nd person: You are walking
    3rd person: She is walking

    The words "am", "are", and "is" are finite verbs. They carry tense; they change form. The word "walking" does not change form - it can't be a finite verb. It's a non-finite verb. Specifically, it's a participle.

    Non-finite verbs
    Bare stems: I can walk.
    Infinitive forms: I like to walk.
    Present participle: I am walking;
    Past participle: I have walked; passive: The dog was walked

    All the best.
    Many Many Thanks to Casiopea

    Thats what I wanted.

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #4

    Re: finite verb and infinite verb

    You're most welcome.


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    #5

    Re: finite verb and infinite verb

    Hey that's a great explanation :) Just wanted to correct a small detail.. "walking" is not a participle but a gerund :) just like learning, coming, seeing-they are gerunds:) example of participles= gone, seen, drunk.....

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    #6

    Re: finite verb and infinite verb

    Quote Originally Posted by Nafeedah View Post
    Hey that's a great explanation :) Just wanted to correct a small detail.. "walking" is not a participle but a gerund :) just like learning, coming, seeing-they are gerunds:) example of participles= gone, seen, drunk.....
    You're partially right. Walking can be a gerund. But it can be a participle too. Consider such a sentence:
    I am walking.

    "Walking" is a participle here.

    In the sentence below, on the other hand, it is a gerund:
    I like walking.

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