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  1. Mazen
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    #1

    Passive or adjective?

    Hi all

    This is my first question :?
    The sentence:
    I'm finished.
    Regarding to my study it should be a passive statement, because FINISHED is the past participle of FINISH. However, I actually feel it isn't. it should be an adjective statement.

    Your advice please

    Thanks in advance
    Mazen

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    #2
    There is a grey area where the adjective and the passive blur. However, can this sentence be put into the active?
    X finished me.

    In this case, it seems to me that it is an adjective as I cannot make it active, nor can I add an agent- I'm finished by....

  2. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Passive or adjective?

    Quote Originally Posted by Mazen
    Hi all

    This is my first question :?
    The sentence:
    I'm finished.
    Regarding to my study it should be a passive statement, because FINISHED is the past participle of FINISH. However, I actually feel it isn't. it should be an adjective statement.

    Your advice please

    Thanks in advance
    Mazen
    I agree with TDOL. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate a past participle used as a predicate adjective (after the linking verb "to be") and a passive voice construction (To be + past participle). Usually context will help. In this case, "finished" refers to the speaker's state and is an adjective.

    Consider these:

    I was tired by the journey. (passive voice; the journey tired me)
    I was tired by the end of the journey. (adjective; state of being)

    In the second example it was not the "end of the journey" that tired me.

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    #4
    Good examples.

  3. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #5
    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    Good examples.
    Thanks. :wink:

  4. Mazen
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    #6
    tdol, and MikeNewYork thank you very much
    :o

  5. MikeNewYork's Avatar
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    #7
    Quote Originally Posted by Mazen
    tdol, and MikeNewYork thank you very much
    :o
    You're welcome. :wink:

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