Results 1 to 7 of 7
  1. #1
    Mazen Guest

    Default Passive or adjective?

    Hi all

    This is my first question :?
    The sentence:
    I'm finished.
    Regarding to my study it should be a passive statement, because FINISHED is the past participle of FINISH. However, I actually feel it isn't. it should be an adjective statement.

    Your advice please

    Thanks in advance
    Mazen

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Philippines
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    43,077
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    There is a grey area where the adjective and the passive blur. However, can this sentence be put into the active?
    X finished me.

    In this case, it seems to me that it is an adjective as I cannot make it active, nor can I add an agent- I'm finished by....

  3. #3
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    14,428
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Passive or adjective?

    Quote Originally Posted by Mazen
    Hi all

    This is my first question :?
    The sentence:
    I'm finished.
    Regarding to my study it should be a passive statement, because FINISHED is the past participle of FINISH. However, I actually feel it isn't. it should be an adjective statement.

    Your advice please

    Thanks in advance
    Mazen
    I agree with TDOL. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate a past participle used as a predicate adjective (after the linking verb "to be") and a passive voice construction (To be + past participle). Usually context will help. In this case, "finished" refers to the speaker's state and is an adjective.

    Consider these:

    I was tired by the journey. (passive voice; the journey tired me)
    I was tired by the end of the journey. (adjective; state of being)

    In the second example it was not the "end of the journey" that tired me.

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Philippines
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    43,077
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    Good examples.

  5. #5
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    14,428
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    Good examples.
    Thanks. :wink:

  6. #6
    Mazen Guest

    Default

    tdol, and MikeNewYork thank you very much
    :o

  7. #7
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • American English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    14,428
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Mazen
    tdol, and MikeNewYork thank you very much
    :o
    You're welcome. :wink:

Similar Threads

  1. An attributive adjective or noun?
    By Tomasz Klimkiewicz in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 05-Oct-2004, 10:30
  2. Passive
    By cooly in forum General Language Discussions
    Replies: 7
    Last Post: 12-Mar-2004, 18:02
  3. Present simple passive used for descriptions
    By Lovejoy in forum General Language Discussions
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 07-Mar-2004, 05:01
  4. english grammar
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 15
    Last Post: 17-Oct-2003, 15:27
  5. passives
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 21-Feb-2003, 14:54

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •