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  1. #1
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default sentence transformation + mixed conditional

    Dear teachers,

    1) Would you please help write the necessary instructions to form a “sentence transformation” question?

    Example:

    Instruction
    : You can only go in if you are a member.
    Answer: Unless … (you are a member, you cannot not go in.)

    Instruction: If he had not recommended me, I would not have been able to get the job.

    Answer: But for … (his recommendation, I would not have been able to get the job.)
    ______________________

    Instruction
    : We did not use our umbrellas. It was not raining. (correct ?)
    Answer: Had … (it been raining, we would have used our umbrellas.)

    Instruction: I wanted to go on competing. The doctor advised me not to because I looked very tired. (correct ? Other possibility?)

    Answer: I wanted to go on competing, but the doctor told me … (I had better not because I looked very tired.)

    Instruction: ???
    Answer: I don’t like them at all so I … (would rather you did not go with them.)

    Instruction: I did not stay with my previous job; therefore I did not win a promotion and now I am in this unfortunate position. (correct ?)

    Answer: Had I ... (stayed with my previous job, I would have won promotion and I wouldn’t be in this unfortunate position now.)


    2) Would you please help me understand:

    a) the difference between “if, in case, unless and lest”

    b) mixed conditionals, i.e., sentences that combine type 1, 2 and 3 conditional clauses.

    3) Where can I find exercises on the above subjects?

    Thank you very much indeed.
    Best regards,
    Héla

  2. #2
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: sentence transformation + mixed conditional

    Quote Originally Posted by hela
    Example:

    Instruction
    : You can only go in if you are a member.
    Answer: Unless … (you are a member, you cannot not go in.)

    Instruction: If he had not recommended me, I would not have been able to get the job.

    Answer: But for … (his recommendation, I would not have been able to get the job.)
    ______________________

    Instruction
    : We did not use our umbrellas. It was not raining. (correct ?)
    Answer: Had … (it been raining, we would have used our umbrellas.)
    Your answer is OK, but it is reversed from the instruction. How about Because it wasn't raining, we didn't use our umbrellas.

    Instruction: I wanted to go on competing. The doctor advised me not to because I looked very tired. (correct ? Other possibility?)

    Answer: I wanted to go on competing, but the doctor told me … (I had better not because I looked very tired.)
    Your use of the conjunction "but" is correct.

    Instruction: ???
    Answer: I don’t like them at all so I … (would rather you did not go with them.)
    I don't like them at all. I would rather you didn't go with them.

    Instruction: I did not stay with my previous job; therefore I did not win a promotion and now I am in this unfortunate position. (correct ?

    Answer: Had I ... (stayed with my previous job, I would have won promotion and I wouldn’t be in this unfortunate position now.)
    Again it is OK, but it is reversed. You could also say: Because I did not stay with my previous employer, I did not get the promotion, and now I am....


    2) Would you please help me understand:

    a) the difference between “if, in case, unless and lest”
    "If" has a number of meanings and uses. Because the other words have to do with conditions, I'll limit my "if" remarks to conditional uses.

    "If" is used to introduce a condition, that, once met, will trigger a result.
    If A, then B.

    "In case" or "Just in case" is very similar. If what is proposed by "in case" occurs, then something else will happen or should happen. In case A happens, then B.

    "Unless" can be seen as the opposite of the other two. It means " except on the condition that". The result will happen in all other circumstances than this one.

    Unless A, then B.

    "Lest" is a bit strange. It is more like "if" than "unless" because it makes a positive proposal even though it means a negative result. It means "for fear that" and it takes a subjunctive in the result clause.

    John skipped the party, lest he see Mary.

    [quote]b) mixed conditionals, i.e., sentences that combine type 1, 2 and 3 conditional clauses.

    3) Where can I find exercises on the above subjects?[/unquote]

    http://www.englishpage.com/condition...nditional.html

    http://esl.about.com/library/printab...nal1_print.htm

    http://www.learnenglish.org.uk/gramm...ditionals.html

    http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary...ditionals.html

    http://www.usingenglish.com/profiles...es/000053.html

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