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Thread: road etc.

  1. #1
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default road etc.

    Dear teachers,

    I have four questions to ask:

    No.1
    We don't have to ask our broken ( should it be broken-down) car if it wants to be reparied and sent back on the ___________ again.
    a. highway b. path c. road d. street
    The key is 'c'. But I can't find the expression in my dictionaries. Is it an idiomatic usage?

    No.2
    The disturbing fact is that the vast majority of people, including educated and ________ sophisticated people find the idea of change so threatening that they attempt to deny its existence.
    a. otherwise b. potentially c. would-be
    The key is 'a'. If it is I find it difficult to understand the italisized part. Could you please kindly explain it to me? And why can't I choose 'b' and 'c'?

    No.3
    It pumps two thousand gallons of blood _________ day and fifty-five million gallons in a lifetime.
    a. a b. every c. per
    The key is 'a'. But I think all are correct. Is that right?

    No.4
    All we ever see of one another---skin and hair --- is dead.
    Could you please kindly explain the meaning of the sentence?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. #2
    BobK's Avatar
    BobK is offline Harmless drudge
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    Default Re: road etc.

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    Dear teachers,

    I have four questions to ask:

    No.1
    We don't have to ask our broken ( should it be broken-down) car if it wants to be reparied and sent back on the ___________ again.
    a. highway b. path c. road d. street
    The key is 'c'. But I can't find the expression in my dictionaries. Is it an idiomatic usage?
    I suppose it is an idiom, but it's such a common one that my initial reaction was that it wasn't. There certainly is an idiomatic 'on the road' (in the sense of 'travelling' - e.g. "I spent years hitch-hiking and sleeping under the stars, but I've spent the last 3 months living in a house. It's time I was back on the road.'), but that obviously doesn't apply here.

    And you can use the other possibilities, in other contexts: 'Do you keep your car in a garage?'/'No - on the street outside my house.' But in this case 'on the road' means 'in service - perhaps on a road, perhaps on a motorway, even 'off-road' - possibly.
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    No.2
    The disturbing fact is that the vast majority of people, including educated and ________ sophisticated people find the idea of change so threatening that they attempt to deny its existence.
    a. otherwise b. potentially c. would-be
    The key is 'a'. If it is I find it difficult to understand the italicized part. Could you please kindly explain it to me? And why can't I choose 'b' and 'c'?
    They are sophisticated (Cambridge Dictionaries Online - Cambridge University Press) in every other way, but they 'deny its existence' - which you wouldn't expect a sophisticated person to do.

    As to b and c: 'potentially' would mean, 'they could have been sophisticated, but this failure prevents it'. It is just possible, but a is better. c also is just possible; it would mean 'they are trying to pretend that they're sophisticated - they hope that people will think it - but this failure makes the disguise imperfect'. Again, a is better.

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    No.3
    It pumps two thousand gallons of blood _________ day and fifty-five million gallons in a lifetime.
    a. a b. every c. per
    The key is 'a'. But I think all are correct. Is that right?
    It depends on context. If it's in a Reader's Digest article about how extraordinary the heart is, 'every' would be best. In a medical essay, a student doctor might use 'per'. But a would be more appropriate in a larger number of contexts.

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    No.4
    All we ever see of one another---skin and hair --- is dead.
    Could you please kindly explain the meaning of the sentence?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    I'm not sure of the biology here. But the hair is dead (at least cutting it doesn't hurt - and pulling someone's hair only hurts because it's attached to the body [if it was inanimate string it would hurt just as much if it was attached in the same way]); and the outermost layer of skin is dead - house-dust is made up of dead skin cells that have fallen off. (But I'm not totally convinced by the argument. What we see as a distinctive person - rather than a colourless ghost - is living.)

    b

  3. #3
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: road etc.


    Dear BobK,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I understand No.1, No.3 and No.4.
    No.2: I think I get confused by the meaning of 'otherwise'. The following is from my dictionary:
    The police believe he is the thief, but all the evidence suggests otherwise ( different).
    The poor sound quality ruined an otherwise splendid film ( except for).
    Then what does 'otherwise sophisticated people' mean? Does it mean 'They can be sophisticated peole but they haven't beome'? If it is then 'potential' and 'would-be' are, to a greater degree, to be sophisticated?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by BobK View Post
    I suppose it is an idiom, but it's such a common one that my initial reaction was that it wasn't. There certainly is an idiomatic 'on the road' (in the sense of 'travelling' - e.g. "I spent years hitch-hiking and sleeping under the stars, but I've spent the last 3 months living in a house. It's time I was back on the road.'), but that obviously doesn't apply here.

    And you can use the other possibilities, in other contexts: 'Do you keep your car in a garage?'/'No - on the street outside my house.' But in this case 'on the road' means 'in service - perhaps on a road, perhaps on a motorway, even 'off-road' - possibly.

    They are sophisticated (Cambridge Dictionaries Online - Cambridge University Press) in every other way, but they 'deny its existence' - which you wouldn't expect a sophisticated person to do.

    As to b and c: 'potentially' would mean, 'they could have been sophisticated, but this failure prevents it'. It is just possible, but a is better. c also is just possible; it would mean 'they are trying to pretend that they're sophisticated - they hope that people will think it - but this failure makes the disguise imperfect'. Again, a is better.



    It depends on context. If it's in a Reader's Digest article about how extraordinary the heart is, 'every' would be best. In a medical essay, a student doctor might use 'per'. But a would be more appropriate in a larger number of contexts.



    I'm not sure of the biology here. But the hair is dead (at least cutting it doesn't hurt - and pulling someone's hair only hurts because it's attached to the body [if it was inanimate string it would hurt just as much if it was attached in the same way]); and the outermost layer of skin is dead - house-dust is made up of dead skin cells that have fallen off. (But I'm not totally convinced by the argument. What we see as a distinctive person - rather than a colourless ghost - is living.)

    b

  4. #4
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    Default Re: road etc.

    No.2
    The disturbing fact is that the vast majority of people, including educated and ________ sophisticated people find the idea of change so threatening that they attempt to deny its existence.

    a. otherwise <in other respects or ways>
    b. potentially
    c. would-be

    The poor sound quality ruined an otherwise perfect movie. <other than as supposed or expected

    Source: otherwise: Definition and Much More from Answers.com

    All the best.

  5. #5
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: road etc.


    Dear Cas,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I see.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea View Post
    No.2
    The disturbing fact is that the vast majority of people, including educated and ________ sophisticated people find the idea of change so threatening that they attempt to deny its existence.

    a. otherwise <in other respects or ways>
    b. potentially
    c. would-be

    The poor sound quality ruined an otherwise perfect movie. <other than as supposed or expected

    Source: otherwise: Definition and Much More from Answers.com

    All the best.

  6. #6
    BobK's Avatar
    BobK is offline Harmless drudge
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    Default Re: road etc.

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post

    Dear BobK,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I understand No.1, No.3 and No.4.
    No.2: I think I get confused by the meaning of 'otherwise'. The following is from my dictionary:
    The police believe he is the thief, but all the evidence suggests otherwise ( different).
    The poor sound quality ruined an otherwise splendid film ( except for).
    Then what does 'otherwise sophisticated people' mean? Does it mean 'They can be sophisticated peole but they haven't beome'? If it is then 'potential' and 'would-be' are, to a greater degree, to be sophisticated?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    I'm glad that I/you got 3 out of 4; and Casi seems to have explained the other one for you.

    b

  7. #7
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: road etc.


    Yes. Thank you all teachers for your sincere help and patience.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by BobK View Post
    I'm glad that I/you got 3 out of 4; and Casi seems to have explained the other one for you.

    b

  8. #8
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    Default Re: road etc.

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    Dear teachers,

    I have four questions to ask:

    No.1
    We don't have to ask our broken ( should it be broken-down) car if it wants to be reparied and sent back on the ___________ again.
    a. highway b. path c. road d. street
    The key is 'c'. But I can't find the expression in my dictionaries. Is it an idiomatic usage?

    No.2
    The disturbing fact is that the vast majority of people, including educated and ________ sophisticated people find the idea of change so threatening that they attempt to deny its existence.
    a. otherwise b. potentially c. would-be
    The key is 'a'. If it is I find it difficult to understand the italisized part. Could you please kindly explain it to me? And why can't I choose 'b' and 'c'?

    No.3
    It pumps two thousand gallons of blood _________ day and fifty-five million gallons in a lifetime.
    a. a b. every c. per
    The key is 'a'. But I think all are correct. Is that right?

    No.4
    All we ever see of one another---skin and hair --- is dead.
    Could you please kindly explain the meaning of the sentence?

    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    Hi Jiang,
    I just wanted to add that "on the road" is not idiomatic here but it is a collocation, which is what makes it "correct". I also think the "a" is preferred in #3 because it is paralleled with "a lifetime". It is more about style than meaning because yes, they have essentially the same meaning.
    Sorry to flog a dead horse!

  9. #9
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: road etc.

    Dear fiona bramble,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. You didn't flog a dead horse.
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by fiona bramble View Post
    Hi Jiang,
    I just wanted to add that "on the road" is not idiomatic here but it is a collocation, which is what makes it "correct". I also think the "a" is preferred in #3 because it is paralleled with "a lifetime". It is more about style than meaning because yes, they have essentially the same meaning.
    Sorry to flog a dead horse!
    Last edited by jiang; 16-Apr-2007 at 08:02.

  10. #10
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    Default Re: road etc.

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang View Post
    Dear fiona bramble,
    Thank you very much for your explanation. You didn't flog a dead horse.
    Jiang
    My pleasure

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