Here's our definition of adjunct: http://www.usingenglish.com/glossary/adjunct.html
The first part seems fine, but the adjunct bit makes less sense to me.
"An adjective used attributively with a noun headword
produces an extended nominal expression."
"(of the position or use of an adjective, noun or phrase) before a noun"
"Grammar Of or relating to a noun or word group that functions as a noun."
Here's my vulgarization:
"An adjective put before the noun produces an extended nominal phrase."
Am I right?
I've asked this before, but what is an headword? I still don't understand this. According to this dictionary:
"Grammar A word that may be modified by an adjunct."
Which leads me to my next question, what is an adjunct?
"In grammar, an adjunct is a word or group of words which indicates the circumstances of an action, event, or situation. An adjunct is usually a prepositional phrase or an adverb group."
The following sentence is given as an example:
"a pretty skirt."
I'm guessing here skirt is a noun headword because it can be modified by an adjunct. Is pretty an adjunct?
Does adjunct means words that modify other words, like adverbs and adjectives?
Is there a difference between a noun and a noun headword? If so, what is it?
It's confusing, I know. In grammar, an adjunct is defined as a clause or phrase that'sadded to a sentence that, while not essential to the sentence's structure, amplifies its meaning, such as for several hours in We waited for several hours. adjunct - Definitions from Dictionary.comBroadly defined, thought, even in linguistics, an adjunct is something added to another thing but not essential to it. Think of it as, added junk , an optional constituent of a construction:
Ex: A pretty dress <adjunct + headword>
All the best.
Ok. I think I understand what an adjunct is.
It still pretty hard to determine what is essential from what isn't when you are modifying a noun or a verb however.
Does that mean that adjectives and adverbs are both adjuncts as they are not necessary in a sentence?