Results 1 to 4 of 4
  1. #1
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Posts
    14
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default had and have/has?

    hi,

    how/when do i use had and have/has?
    what is the difference?

    she has read the book
    she had read the book

    thanks in advance...

  2. #2
    Harry Smith's Avatar
    Harry Smith is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • Armenian
      • Home Country:
      • Armenia
      • Current Location:
      • Russian Federation
    Join Date
    Aug 2006
    Posts
    2,911
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: had and have/has?

    Quote Originally Posted by SuperKingKong View Post
    hi,

    how/when do i use had and have/has?
    what is the difference?

    she has read the book(Present Perfect)
    she had read the book( Past Perfect)

    thanks in advance...
    She has already read the book. You can say this sentence about what you have done in the past without stating the time.
    She had read the book before she saw the play at the theatre. You can say this sentence about what you have done before another past action.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Sep 2003
    Posts
    12,971
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: had and have/has?

    Welcome, SuperKingKong.

    [1] She has read the book before.
    [2] She had read the book before she saw the movie.

    With has read, the present perfect, the event, not when the event took place, is in focus. Haven't you ever forgotten when exactly you did something or when you did it wasn't important at all in what you wanted to express? That's when you use the present perfect. When the time you did it isn't important. In [1] she read the book. That's the important part, not when she read it. If you want to talk about when, use the past simple; e.g., she read the book last week.

    With had read, the past perfect, that event happened before another event in the past. The past perfect functions like a bridge. It connects two events in time. So, in [2] she had read the book before she saw the movie:

    The event that happened first: read book
    The event that happened second: saw movie

    Does that help?

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Sep 2003
    Posts
    12,971
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: had and have/has?

    Didn't see you there, Harry. We must have been posting/typing at the same time.

Similar Threads

  1. Does have/has?
    By hlbert03 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 13
    Last Post: 25-Sep-2006, 10:20
  2. The rules of have/has
    By Blabbermouth in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 27-May-2006, 15:12
  3. Got and have/has
    By kahhong in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 01-Mar-2006, 13:35
  4. about grammar have/has to and must
    By hakancan06 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 05-Jan-2006, 04:11
  5. Does have/has a auxiliary verb?
    By Anonymous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 05-Jun-2004, 19:28

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •