Two words used together which have, or seem to have, opposite meanings.
Ex: Jumbo shrimp <see picture here
=> jumbo, very large
=> shrimp, very small
A situation or statement which seems impossible or is difficult to understand because it contains two opposite facts or characteristics.
A paradox which is both true and false at the same time in the same sense is called a dialetheia
. In Western logics it is often assumed, following Aristotle
, that no dialetheia exist, but they are sometimes accepted in Eastern traditions and in paraconsistent logics
. An example might be to affirm or deny the statement "John is in the room" when John is standing precisely halfway through the doorway. It is reasonable (by human thinking) to both affirm and deny it ("well, he is, but he isn't"), and it is also reasonable to say that he is neither ("he's halfway in the room, which is neither in nor out"), despite the fact that the statement is to be exclusively proven or disproven.
Paradox - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia