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    #1

    comm before the conjunction

    Could you tell me why sometimes, there is a comma before the conjunction like `and', `but', and sometimes not?

  1. bianca's Avatar
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    #2

    Re: comm before the conjunction

    Three specific situations that I can think of call for the use of a comma before "and."

    1. The first is created when we have three or more items in a series (the serial comma.)

    2. The second situation occurs when "and" is being used to coordinate (join) two independent clauses, like in:

    John has taken guitar lessons for three years, and today he is an outstanding guitar-player.

    (An independent clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a sentence.)

    3. to enclose phrases that interrupt a clause:

    I warned him again, and I really meant it this time, to mind his own business.

    As to 'but', it is just like 'and' a coordinating conjunction and it would also apply when it joins two independent clauses.

    Ex.:

    John was sure of success, but Mary wasn't. (here, 'but' joins two independent clauses).

    However:

    Mary wanted to buy a book but could not afford to do it. (no comma before 'but')
    (Here, the conjunction "but" merely connects the two verbs "wanted" and "could not afford", no independent clauses.)
    Last edited by bianca; 15-Jun-2007 at 08:15.


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    #3

    Re: comm before the conjunction

    I don't have words to praise you.
    Thank you very very much.
    Now, I got it.

  2. bianca's Avatar
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    #4

    Re: comm before the conjunction

    I am so pleased I could help you!


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    #5

    Re: comm before the conjunction

    I got new doubt.
    Look at the following text, here the conjunction connects two independent clauses, but still it has no comma. Could you help me?

    The lounge of Jack and Jill's villa at New Hampstead. The essential furniture consists of a table on whcih are writing materials, and two chairs. As the curtain rises, the lounge is empty but Jack and Jill come in immediately,followed by Aunt Jane.


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    #6

    Re: comm before the conjunction

    This looks very like stage directions for a play.

    This sentence contains a continuation of action and does not need a comma.

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