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  1. #1
    evie66 is offline Newbie
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    Default Hyponymy and meronymy

    Hello

    I wonder if anyone can help me with distinguishing between hyponomy and meronymy.

    I've got the dictionary definitions but am having difficulty allocating the correct term to a text I'm analysing for my degree.



    Thanks very much.

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Hyponymy and meronymy

    Welcome, evie66.

    Which part of the text are you having trouble with?

    There are interesting parallels between meronymy and hyponymy, although it should be obvious the two are not the same—a poodle is a type of dog and a cheetah is a kind of cat, but a leaf is not type of tree and a clutch is not a type of car. Source: PLIN M101 – Logic & Meaning A – Term 1, 2001

    _________________________________
    Metronyms: different form, same meaning. A meronym names a part of a larger whole. A finger is a part of a hand, thus finger is a meronym (or partonym) of hand; and hand is the holonym of finger.
    • a word that names a part of a larger whole; e.g., brim and crown are meronyms of hat.
    • A word designates something by the name of something associated with it; e.g. the Crown referring to the monarchy, the bottle referring to alcohol, the White House for the US executive branch.

    • From Greek meta (=change).
    • Take care not to confuse with meronym, metronym.
    • The name of a constituent part of, the substance of, or a member of something.

    X is a meronym of Y if X is a part of Y.
    X is a meronym of Y if X is a substance of Y.
    X is a meronym of Y if X is a member of Y
    The green words are meronyms (or partonyms), the blue ones holonyms:
    wing/bird; mouth/face; branch/tree; tree/forest; oxygen/air; adolescence/growing up; paying/shopping
    holonym: the name of the whole of which the meronym names a part.
    X is a holonym of Y if Y is a part of X.
    X is a holonym of Y if Y is a substance of X.
    X is a holonym of Y if Y is a member of X.
    Sources
    meronyms - definition of meronyms by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.
    Nym Words
    meronym
    Linguistics 201: Study Sheet for Semantics

  3. #3
    evie66 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Hyponymy and meronymy

    Hi Casiopea

    Thanks for the feedback. The text is about about cigarettes and smoking. The words are cigarettes, cigarette smoking, smoking habit and smoking.

    I think it's much easier when you are looking at something concrete - like the car/clutch analogy, but this I find tricky.

    Is there some kind of 'formula' for working out which is which or is it just experience?
    Evie66

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    Default Re: Hyponymy and meronymy

    The Formula

    Meronym: _______ is part of ________.
    Adolescence is part of growing up.
    Oxygen is part of air.

    Hyponym: _______ is a kind/type of _______.
    A poodle is a type of dog.
    A cheetah is a kind of cat.
    Now, try these:

    Online Thesaurus: smoking in explanationary dictionary WordNet
    Online Thesaurus: cigarette in explanationary dictionary WordNet
    Online Thesaurus: habit in explanationary dictionary WordNet

  5. #5
    evie66 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Hyponymy and meronymy

    Hi Casiopea

    NOW I get it!!!! Thank you so very much for your patience and for explaining this so clearly. It's very very much appreciated.

    Best wishes
    Evie66

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    Default Re: Hyponymy and meronymy

    You're most welcome.

    For the sake of my own curiousity, could you explain your findings to me? I'd like to know if you and how you connected smoking and cigarettes.

  7. #7
    evie66 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Hyponymy and meronymy

    Hi,

    Of course I'm still working on my thoughts but once I've finalised them I'll let you know.

    Evie66

  8. #8
    evie66 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Hyponymy and meronymy

    Hi Casiopea

    Well, I've finished the paper and attached are the lexical chains I came up with. Am sure they aren't perfect but hopefully will get me a pass. I find this area particularly difficult.

    Thanks again for your help.

    Evie66
    Attached Files Attached Files

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