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There are interesting parallels between meronymy and hyponymy, although it should be obvious the two are not the same—a poodle is a type of dog and a cheetah is a kind of cat, but a leaf is not type of tree and a clutch is not a type of car. Source: PLIN M101 – Logic & Meaning A – Term 1, 2001
Metronyms: different form, same meaning. A meronym names a part of a larger whole. A finger is a part of a hand, thus finger is a meronym (or partonym) of hand; and hand is the holonym of finger.
- a word that names a part of a larger whole; e.g., brim and crown are meronyms of hat.
- A word designates something by the name of something associated with it; e.g. the Crown referring to the monarchy, the bottle referring to alcohol, the White House for the US executive branch.
• From Greek meta (=change).
• Take care not to confuse with meronym, metronym.
- The name of a constituent part of, the substance of, or a member of something.
X is a meronym of Y if X is a part of Y.
X is a meronym of Y if X is a substance of Y.
X is a meronym of Y if X is a member of Y
The green words are meronyms (or partonyms), the blue ones holonyms:
wing/bird; mouth/face; branch/tree; tree/forest; oxygen/air; adolescence/growing up; paying/shopping
holonym: the name of the whole of which the meronym names a part.
X is a holonym of Y if Y is a part of X.
X is a holonym of Y if Y is a substance of X.
X is a holonym of Y if Y is a member of X.
meronyms - definition of meronyms by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.
Linguistics 201: Study Sheet for Semantics