Since a +count noun, the + singular count noun, plural count nouns can be used for generalisation, what is the suitable aritcle to be used in the following context:
DocumentTitle : Procedures on Voucher Redemption by a/the kindergarten/kindergratens(?)
...... If a/the kindergarten/kindergartens(?) can confirm the number of staff to be employed and hope(s) that a/the voucher/vouchers(?) can be disbursed in early December 2008, it/they should submit its/their plan(s) by XXXXXX. ......
Since according to my understanding, "a(n) tiger= a kind of or an example of the tiger; the tiger= one (imaginary) member of the class to represent the whole class; tigers=all tigers". All of them seem to be applicable in my example.
Possible Document Titles
1. Procedures on Voucher Redemption by kindergartens (in general).
2. Procedures on Voucher Redemption by the kindergartens (a specific, known group of kindergartens).
3. Procedures on Voucher Redemption by a kindergarten. (one specific, known kindergarten).
Choose a title first, and then we can work on the articles in the body.
All the best
Well, The first and second explanations are sound and clear. However, may I ask whether the third one would be "indefinite and unknown" rather than "specific and known" in using "a (because I mean "any" here) kindergarten"? Is it the same by using "a kindergarten (to represent all kindergartens)" instead of "kindergartens" to convey a general sense ?
What will be the result in the body if I opt the first one as a title?
Thanks a lot.
albertino, first, what does by mean here?Procedures on Voucher Redemption by kindergartens.Shouldn't it be for? Otherwise, it reads, procedures written by kindergartens. (By the way, what is the voucher for?) Second, do the kindergartens have to submit more than one voucher? If not, and working from this title 1) kindergartens, then
If the kindergarten can confirm the number of staff and ensure that the voucher will be disbursed in early December 2008, they should submit their plans by ... .Yes and no. It means, for any given kindergarten that has a voucher, but the title procedures on voucher redemption refers to a specific group, namely all kindergartens that have a voucher, and that is why that plural noun works best.Originally Posted by albertino
Does that help?
In Hong Kong,Voucer redemption" means that eligible pupils attending kindergartens will be issued a Certificate of Eligibility for getting fee subsidy from local Education Authorities. After collection of the vouchers, the kindergartens will in turn redeem them from the Authorities for cash payments.
Hence, "Procedures on Voucher Redemption by kindergartens" means the procedures with which vouchers will be redeemed by kindergartens."
I see. Thanks. It looks good, by kindergartens.
However, as far as I know, both "a(n)' and "the" can be used as generic in addition to specific.
The lion is roaring. (specific)
The lion is the king of beasts.(generic)(=a class of animals)
A lion has escaped from the zoo.(specific, a certain lion)
A lion can be dangerous. (generic, means any lion)
So, in the following example, are "the kindergarten" and "the voucher" used as generic for the reasons stated above? And in this case, should the pronoun "they" (for the kindergarten") be used rather than "it" ?
If the kindergarten can confirm the number of staff and ensure that the voucher will be disbursed in early December 2008, they should submit their plans by ... .
Many thanks, indeed.
Generic as in; e.g., the group kindergarten, the group voucher? No. In our example, the nouns kindergarten and voucher are individuated. Their referents are known to the person reading the procedures document. Those terms were made clear to the reader prior to their mention here, right?:Originally Posted by albertino[/quote
If (the/a) kindergarten(s) can confirm the number of staff and ensure that (the/a) voucher(s) ...That they is plural and its referent the kindergarten singular isn't a violation of the grammar. They has a human referent, it does not. The semantics are similar to e.g., the police, they; the committee, they.Originally Posted by albertina
Does that help?