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Thread: Comprehension

  1. #1
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Comprehension

    Dear teachers,

    I have one question to ask because I can't distinguish the choices. I have three more questions to ask because I find the choices too difficult.

    No.1.
    Once a circle missed a wedge. The circle wanted to be whole, so it went aroung looking for its missing piece.
    The circle managed to find its missed wedge, because______.
    a. it wanted to be perfect. b. it wanted to be a real circle.
    I felt confused because to me the only difference is that 'perfect' matches 'whole'. But if it missed a wedge we can also say it is not a circle. Am I right?

    No.2.
    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the development of attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affect the behavior of most people.
    "The burnt child fears the fire" is one instance; another is the rise of despots like Hitler. Both these examples also point up the fact that attitudes stem from experience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in the other it was indirect and cumulative. The Nazis were indoctrinated largely by the speeches they heard and the books they read.
    The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in a strategic position to infuluence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire atttitudes from those adults whose word they respect.
    Another reason, it is true, is that pupils often delve somewhat deeply into a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or has possibly never occurred to them before. To a child who had previously acquired little knowledge of Mexico, his teacher's method of hangling such a unit would greatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.



    I find the choices very difficult.

    1. The first and fourth paragraphs have all the follwoing points in common EXCEPT__________.
    a. the importance of experience in building attitudes
    b. how attitudes can be changed in the classroom
    c. how reading affects attitudes
    d. reference to straight thinking and attitudes
    The answer is 'b'. But I think 'a' is the key because it is mentioned in the second paragraph.

    2. ( Before I quote the next question I'd like to make sure the meaning of 'The burnt child fears the fire'. I can't find the proverb in my dictionaries. There is a proverb in Chinese " Bitten once by a snake a person would be afraid of a rope for ten years'. Are they of the same meaning?)

    In the second paragraph, a substitute quotation to serve the writer's purpose would be__________.
    a. "Poverty is the parent of revolutionand crime"
    b. " The vagabond, when rich, is called a tourist"
    c. "He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune"
    d. Nothing on earth consumes a man more quickly than the passion of resentment"
    The key is 'd', but why?
    I can't find 'b', 'c' in my dictionaries. I can't find 'a' but I can understand it.

    Please explain them to me.

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Comprehension

    No.1.
    Once a circle missed a wedge. The circle wanted to be whole, so it went aroung looking for its missing piece.

    The circle managed to find its missed wedge, because______.

    a. it wanted to be perfect. b. it wanted to be a real circle.
    That's the strangest thing I've read this week. :?
    There are problems with the writing:

    1) Once a circle missed a wedge ==> There once was a circle that was missing a wedge.

    2) The circle managed to find its missed wedge ==> ...its missing wedge.

    3) The circle managed...because,_____ ==> the function of the phrase 'because...' is to tell us how the circle managed to find its missing wedge, not why it managed to do so.

    Both 'perfect' and 'real circle' are acceptable to me.

    If I had to choose between 'perfect' and 'real circle', I'd do as you did: 'perfect'. The reason being, 'perfect' is a near synonym for 'whole' (i.e. they both mean, complete.)

    No.2.
    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the development of attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affect the behavior of most people.

    "The burnt child fears the fire" is one instance; another is the rise of despots like Hitler. Both these examples also point up the fact that attitudes stem from experience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in the other it was indirect and cumulative. The Nazis were indoctrinated largely by the speeches they heard and the books they read.

    The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in a strategic position to infuluence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire atttitudes from those adults whose word they respect.

    Another reason, it is true, is that pupils often delve somewhat deeply into a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or has possibly never occurred to them before. To a child who had previously acquired little knowledge of Mexico, his teacher's method of hangling such a unit would greatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.


    1. The first and fourth paragraphs have all the follwoing points in common EXCEPT__________.

    a. the importance of experience in building attitudes
    b. how attitudes can be changed in the classroom
    c. how reading affects attitudes
    d. reference to straight thinking and attitudes
    The answer is 'b'. But I think 'a' is the key because it is mentioned in the second paragraph.
    Note: Not all the paragraphs. ONLY the "first and fourth paragraphs". The 1st paragraph doesn't refer to how attitudes can be changed in the classroom.

    2. ( Before I quote the next question I'd like to make sure the meaning of 'The burnt child fears the fire'. I can't find the proverb in my dictionaries. There is a proverb in Chinese " Bitten once by a snake a person would be afraid of a rope for ten years'. Are they of the same meaning?)
    That's correct. :D

    In the second paragraph, a substitute quotation to serve the writer's purpose would be__________.

    a. "Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime"
    b. " The vagabond, when rich, is called a tourist"
    c. "He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune"
    d. Nothing on earth consumes a man more quickly than the passion of resentment"
    The key is 'd', but why?
    'd' is the key for this reason: From paragraph two, "attitudes stem from experience" or, in my own words, your experiences make you who you are. If you have bad experiences (i.e. being bitten by a snake, being burned by fire), those experiences will shape your attitude about life: Stay away from snakes! They can hurt you!

    a = poverty is not an attitude, it's an economic state.
    b = Seeing the vagabond as a tourist is an attitude; however, it's a positive one. In paragraph two, the writer is referring to negative attitudes brought on by negative experiences.
    c = To seal one's fate (i.e. give hostages to fortune) means, one's life will be housed with familial responsibilities.

    All the best,

  3. #3
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default

    That first question is unbelievably bizarre. A circle that's a wedge short of perfection is surely not a circle.

  4. #4
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Comprehension

    Dear Casiopea,
    Nice to hear from you again!
    Thank you for your explanation and analysis. Now I see.
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea
    No.1.
    Once a circle missed a wedge. The circle wanted to be whole, so it went aroung looking for its missing piece.

    The circle managed to find its missed wedge, because______.

    a. it wanted to be perfect. b. it wanted to be a real circle.
    That's the strangest thing I've read this week. :?
    There are problems with the writing:

    1) Once a circle missed a wedge ==> There once was a circle that was missing a wedge.

    2) The circle managed to find its missed wedge ==> ...its missing wedge.

    3) The circle managed...because,_____ ==> the function of the phrase 'because...' is to tell us how the circle managed to find its missing wedge, not why it managed to do so.

    Both 'perfect' and 'real circle' are acceptable to me.

    If I had to choose between 'perfect' and 'real circle', I'd do as you did: 'perfect'. The reason being, 'perfect' is a near synonym for 'whole' (i.e. they both mean, complete.)

    No.2.
    Of all the areas of learning the most important is the development of attitudes. Emotional reactions as well as logical thought processes affect the behavior of most people.

    "The burnt child fears the fire" is one instance; another is the rise of despots like Hitler. Both these examples also point up the fact that attitudes stem from experience. In the one case the experience was direct and impressive; in the other it was indirect and cumulative. The Nazis were indoctrinated largely by the speeches they heard and the books they read.

    The classroom teacher in the elementary school is in a strategic position to infuluence attitudes. This is true partly because children acquire atttitudes from those adults whose word they respect.

    Another reason, it is true, is that pupils often delve somewhat deeply into a subject in school that has only been touched upon at home or has possibly never occurred to them before. To a child who had previously acquired little knowledge of Mexico, his teacher's method of hangling such a unit would greatly affect his attitude toward Mexicans.


    1. The first and fourth paragraphs have all the follwoing points in common EXCEPT__________.

    a. the importance of experience in building attitudes
    b. how attitudes can be changed in the classroom
    c. how reading affects attitudes
    d. reference to straight thinking and attitudes
    The answer is 'b'. But I think 'a' is the key because it is mentioned in the second paragraph.
    Note: Not all the paragraphs. ONLY the "first and fourth paragraphs". The 1st paragraph doesn't refer to how attitudes can be changed in the classroom.

    2. ( Before I quote the next question I'd like to make sure the meaning of 'The burnt child fears the fire'. I can't find the proverb in my dictionaries. There is a proverb in Chinese " Bitten once by a snake a person would be afraid of a rope for ten years'. Are they of the same meaning?)
    That's correct. :D

    In the second paragraph, a substitute quotation to serve the writer's purpose would be__________.

    a. "Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime"
    b. " The vagabond, when rich, is called a tourist"
    c. "He that hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune"
    d. Nothing on earth consumes a man more quickly than the passion of resentment"
    The key is 'd', but why?
    'd' is the key for this reason: From paragraph two, "attitudes stem from experience" or, in my own words, your experiences make you who you are. If you have bad experiences (i.e. being bitten by a snake, being burned by fire), those experiences will shape your attitude about life: Stay away from snakes! They can hurt you!

    a = poverty is not an attitude, it's an economic state.
    b = Seeing the vagabond as a tourist is an attitude; however, it's a positive one. In paragraph two, the writer is referring to negative attitudes brought on by negative experiences.
    c = To seal one's fate (i.e. give hostages to fortune) means, one's life will be housed with familial responsibilities.

    All the best,

  5. #5
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default

    Casiopea thinks so, too.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    That first question is unbelievably bizarre. A circle that's a wedge short of perfection is surely not a circle.

  6. #6
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Casiopea thinks so, too.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    That first question is unbelievably bizarre. A circle that's a wedge short of perfection is surely not a circle.
    I think so too. :wink:

  7. #7
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    Default Re: Comprehension

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Dear Casiopea,
    Nice to hear from you again!
    Thank you for your explanation and analysis. Now I see.
    Jiang
    You're welcome. :D

    The "circle" and the "missing wedge" paragraph reminds me of the absurd question, "What would you rather be or a wasp?", a play on words (i.e. be ~ bee) at the structural level (i.e. rather be a bee):

    What would you rather be, a bee or a wasp?
    What would you rather be or a wasp?

  8. #8
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Old problem again.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Casiopea thinks so, too.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    That first question is unbelievably bizarre. A circle that's a wedge short of perfection is surely not a circle.
    I think so too. :wink:

  9. #9
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Old problem again.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Casiopea thinks so, too.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    That first question is unbelievably bizarre. A circle that's a wedge short of perfection is surely not a circle.
    I think so too. :wink:
    Yes, some of these questions awould be impossible for a native Engliosh speaker with a PhD in English. +|

  10. #10
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Dear Mike,
    There were some mispellings (awould and Engliosh), which I think you did on purpose. Are there reasons behind them?

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Old problem again.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Casiopea thinks so, too.
    Jiang

    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    That first question is unbelievably bizarre. A circle that's a wedge short of perfection is surely not a circle.
    I think so too. :wink:
    Yes, some of these questions awould be impossible for a native Engliosh speaker with a PhD in English. +|

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