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  1. #1
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default sentence analysis

    Dear teachers,

    Would you please tell me if my answers are correct?

    1) Identify the elements of the following sentence.

    a) He (S) had decided (V) to rid himself of his aunt (Od). (?)

    b) The company (S) will hire (V) all men (Od) anxious about group work (Co) by the end of the year (Ao).

    c) He (S) prided (V) himself (Od) on being a methodical man (Cs?)

    how do you analyse "on being"?


    2) What grammatical word class do these words belong to?

    You may pick up your exams after I have finished grading them.

    You = subject personal pronoun
    May = modal auxiliary verb
    Pick = finite verb
    Up = preposition
    Your = possessive adjective
    Exams = noun
    After = adverb
    I = subject personal pronoun
    Have = auxiliary verb
    Finished = finite verb
    Grading = non-finite verb (gerund) ?
    Them = object personal pronoun

    Thanks a lot!
    Hela

  2. #2
    Join Date
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    Default Re: sentence analysis

    a) He (S) had decided (V) to rid himself of his aunt (O). :D
    b) The company (S) will hire (V) all men (O) anxious about group work (Relative modifying 'men') by the end of the year (Adverb modifying 'will hire'). :D
    c) He (S) prided (V) himself (O) on being a methodical man (Cs) :D

    "On being" is a prepositional phrase, made up of the preposition "On" and its nominal object "being". The phrase functions as an adverb of means, telling is how he prided himself:

    On being a methodical man is how he prided himself.

    d) You may pick up your exams after I have finished grading them.

    You = subject personal pronoun :D
    May = modal auxiliary verb :D
    Pick = finite verb :D
    Up = preposition, functioning as an adverb :D
    Your = possessive adjective :D
    Exams = noun, plural :D
    After = adverb :D
    I = subject personal pronoun, singular :D
    Have = auxiliary verb, present tense
    ==> have finished = present perfect verb
    Finished = past tense verb
    Grading = gerund :D
    Them = object personal pronoun, plural :D

    All the best,

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