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Thread: Vocabulary

  1. #1
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Vocabulary

    Dear teachers,
    I have three questions to ask.

    No.1
    Every effort was made to reduce the budget___.
    a. substantially b. effectively
    The key is 'a'. I think 'b' is also correct. The only difference is they emphasize in different aspects. Is that right?

    No.2
    The speaker_______ the need for cooperation in the project that we were about to undertake.
    a. emphasized b. discussed
    The key is 'a'. Why isn't be correct?

    No.3
    Although his father wanted him to be a doctor, he ws_______in his decision to go to acting school.
    a. resolute b. resolved
    The key is 'a'. 'b' isn't correct because we can only say 'be resolved to do sth.' Is that right?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default

    I'm not sure that it makes sense to reduce a budget effectively.
    2 It isn't really wrong, just not as good as 'emphasised'. Some might argue that it requires more than one person to discuss something.

    3 Yes

  3. #3
    MikeNewYork's Avatar
    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Vocabulary

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Dear teachers,
    I have three questions to ask.

    No.1
    Every effort was made to reduce the budget___.
    a. substantially b. effectively
    The key is 'a'. I think 'b' is also correct. The only difference is they emphasize in different aspects. Is that right?

    No.2
    The speaker_______ the need for cooperation in the project that we were about to undertake.
    a. emphasized b. discussed
    The key is 'a'. Why isn't be correct?

    No.3
    Although his father wanted him to be a doctor, he ws_______in his decision to go to acting school.
    a. resolute b. resolved
    The key is 'a'. 'b' isn't correct because we can only say 'be resolved to do sth.' Is that right?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    I agree with TDOL's answers, but I also agree with you that "discussed" would work in #2. :wink:

  4. #4
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    Default Re: Vocabulary

    No.1
    Every effort was made to reduce the budget___.
    a. substantially b. effectively
    Tricky sematics: 'substantial' refers to an amount, whereas 'effective' refers to a manner. Given 'a' and 'b', 'a' is the better choice because 'budget' refers to an amount.

    No.2
    The speaker_______ the need for cooperation in the project that we were about to undertake.
    a. emphasized b. discussed
    I agree with tdol and Mike's suggestion. 'discuss' refers to more than one person. It's unlikely the speaker discussed the need for cooperation on her own--unless that is she has more than one personality.

    No.3
    Although his father wanted him to be a doctor, he was_______in his decision to go to acting school.
    a. resolute b. resolved
    The key is 'a'. 'b' isn't correct because we can only say 'be resolved to do sth.' Is that right?
    a. He was determined. (i.e. resolute Adj. Be + Adj. :D
    b. He made up his mind. (i.e. resolved Vb. Be + Vb. :(

    Active: He resolved to....
    Passive: It was resolved by him to....

    All the best,

  5. #5
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default

    What does this mean?
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Red5
    (bump)

  6. #6
    shane is offline Senior Member
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    What does this mean?
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Red5
    (bump)
    It means 顶. Bump the post back to the top of the list. :D

  7. #7
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default

    Thank you very much for your explanation.
    I understand No.1 and No.3 now. I felt confused at No.2 because in the abstract of an article people always begin their sentence with 'This paper discusses....'. That's why I thought it is correct to use 'discuss'. Or is there another meaning in this context?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang




    Quote Originally Posted by tdol
    I'm not sure that it makes sense to reduce a budget effectively.
    2 It isn't really wrong, just not as good as 'emphasised'. Some might argue that it requires more than one person to discuss something.

    3 Yes

  8. #8
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Vocabulary

    Thank you very much for your explanation. I have just replied todl's explanation to show why I thought 'discuss' is correct. I hope he'll think we are right.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    Dear teachers,
    I have three questions to ask.

    No.1
    Every effort was made to reduce the budget___.
    a. substantially b. effectively
    The key is 'a'. I think 'b' is also correct. The only difference is they emphasize in different aspects. Is that right?

    No.2
    The speaker_______ the need for cooperation in the project that we were about to undertake.
    a. emphasized b. discussed
    The key is 'a'. Why isn't be correct?

    No.3
    Although his father wanted him to be a doctor, he ws_______in his decision to go to acting school.
    a. resolute b. resolved
    The key is 'a'. 'b' isn't correct because we can only say 'be resolved to do sth.' Is that right?

    I am looking forward to hearing from you.

    Thank you in advance.

    Jiang
    I agree with TDOL's answers, but I also agree with you that "discussed" would work in #2. :wink:

  9. #9
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Vocabulary

    Thank you very much for your explanation. Now I see. I replied to todl just now to show why I thought 'discuss' is right.

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea
    No.1
    Every effort was made to reduce the budget___.
    a. substantially b. effectively
    Tricky sematics: 'substantial' refers to an amount, whereas 'effective' refers to a manner. Given 'a' and 'b', 'a' is the better choice because 'budget' refers to an amount.

    No.2
    The speaker_______ the need for cooperation in the project that we were about to undertake.
    a. emphasized b. discussed
    I agree with tdol and Mike's suggestion. 'discuss' refers to more than one person. It's unlikely the speaker discussed the need for cooperation on her own--unless that is she has more than one personality.

    No.3
    Although his father wanted him to be a doctor, he was_______in his decision to go to acting school.
    a. resolute b. resolved
    The key is 'a'. 'b' isn't correct because we can only say 'be resolved to do sth.' Is that right?
    a. He was determined. (i.e. resolute Adj. Be + Adj. :D
    b. He made up his mind. (i.e. resolved Vb. Be + Vb. :(

    Active: He resolved to....
    Passive: It was resolved by him to....

    All the best,

  10. #10
    jiang is offline Key Member
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    Default

    Hi,
    Thank you very much for your reply. Now I know what it meant. However, there is another problem----I don't know how to bump.

    Are you Chinese, too? Why did you choose such a horrible picture to represent yourself? You don't have to reply if you think this is an impolite question. I just asked it out of curiosity.

    Best wishes,

    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by shane
    Quote Originally Posted by jiang
    What does this mean?
    Jiang
    Quote Originally Posted by Red5
    (bump)
    It means 顶. Bump the post back to the top of the list. :D

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