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Thread: Focus

  1. #1
    deepcosmos is offline Newbie
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    Question Focus

    Hi,

    I would like to have your guidandance for followings :

    1. If I will put focus on [in America], which sentence is better? ;
    1) In America I studied linguistics or 2) I studied linguistics in America

    2. If I will put focus on [Shakespeare], which sentence is better? ;
    1) Shakespeare wrote that play or 2) That play was written by Shakespeare

    3. If I will put focus on [a book], which sentence is better? ;
    1) A book is on the desk or 2) There is a book on the desk

    4. If I will put focus on [the salt], which sentence is better? ;
    1) Pass the salt to me, please or 2) Pass me the salt, please

    In short, if I will put focus on certain word(s), where I should put the aiming
    word(s), at the "beginning" place or "ending" place? I guess the "beginning"
    place is better to induce readers' attention.

    Best Rgds,
    Last edited by deepcosmos; 13-Sep-2007 at 19:28.

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: Focus

    1- 2 (1 sounds as if you studied something else in another country)
    2- 1
    3- 2 (Don't like the first choice)
    4 No difference to me.

  3. #3
    deepcosmos is offline Newbie
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    Smile Re: Focus

    Hello, Tdol !

    Thanks for your reply.

    1. Re your reply to para.1 commenting that 1 sounds as if I studied something else
    in anothet country, do you have a general tendency that you will try to put the
    focused word(s) at ending place in a sentence as much as possible ?

    2. Re para.1 which will be better expression between above 1)+2) each for the
    questions ; "What did you study in America ?" / "Where did you study linguistics ?"

    3. Re para.2 is it o.k if I understand that passive form is to emphasize the object
    of positive form ?


    4. If I will put focus on "in the morning", which sentence is better ?
    1) In the morning he jogs 2) He jogs in the morning

    Will await to hear soon,
    Best rgds,
    Last edited by deepcosmos; 14-Sep-2007 at 18:41.

  4. #4
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: Focus

    1 Not always- focus can shift.
    2 Both of those would give me the second answer.
    3 The passive shifts the focus onto the play rather than the author.
    4 The second sounds more natural. The first is OK, but it sounds a bit too formal for such a mundane sentence without further context. If it were part of a longer text about his day, then it would sound OK.

  5. #5
    deepcosmos is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Focus

    Hello, Tdol !

    many thanks for your reply with notes.

    Best rgds

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