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  1. hector51's Avatar

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    #1

    adverb or adjective

    hi teachers!
    please check this sentence for me:
    The singer appeared unannounced at the start of the encore to sing a cover of The Beatles' The Long and Winding Road, accompanied by Prince on guitar.

    (an article form BBC.com BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Sir Elton joins Prince in London)

    I think the word in bold should be an adjective.....why did they use an adverb?is that sentence gramatically correct?

    thanks!

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    #2

    Re: adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by hector51 View Post
    hi teachers!
    please check this sentence for me:
    The singer appeared unannounced at the start of the encore to sing a cover of The Beatles' The Long and Winding Road, accompanied by Prince on guitar.

    (an article form BBC.com BBC NEWS | Entertainment | Sir Elton joins Prince in London)

    I think the word in bold should be an adjective.....why did they use an adverb?is that sentence gramatically correct?

    thanks!
    The word in bold is not an adverb, but a past participle adjective.

  2. Soup's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: adverb or adjective

    The singer appeared unannounced at the start of the encore to sing a cover of The Beatles' The Long and Winding Road, accompanied by Prince on guitar.
    Adverb test
    Question: How did the singer show up/emerge on stage?
    Answer: Unannounced.

    Adjective test
    Question: How did the singer seem on stage?
    Answer: Unannounced.
    Answer: Excited, happy, etc.


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    #4

    Re: adverb or adjective

    It's an adverb because it is is describing the way in which the singer appeared, not the singer himself. The word could alsio be used as an adjective if we were taliking about an 'unannounced concert'.

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    #5

    Re: adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by Mousetower View Post
    It's an adverb because it is is describing the way in which the singer appeared, not the singer himself. The word could alsio be used as an adjective if we were taliking about an 'unannounced concert'.
    Yes, you are right. I thought the verb "appear" is a linking verb, but it is not in this context, as in, for example, he appears unwilling to concede.

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    #6

    Re: adverb or adjective

    He was willing: Complement (or predicate adjective) of linking verb was.
    He appeared willing: Complement (or predicate adjective) of linking verb appeared.
    He became willing: Complement (or predicate adjective) of linking verb became.

    He entered the room unannounced: adverb.
    He entered the room willingly: adverb.

    The above picture is of Xiao Li: adjective.
    The picture above is of Xiao Li: adverb = The picture (that is) above.....
    The clouds above: adverb.


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    #7

    Re: adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by justinwschang View Post
    He was willing: Complement (or predicate adjective) of linking verb was.
    He appeared willing: Complement (or predicate adjective) of linking verb appeared.
    He became willing: Complement (or predicate adjective) of linking verb became.

    He entered the room unannounced: adverb. adjective, not adverb!
    He entered the room willingly: adverb.
    He entered the room dressed to kill. adjective

    The above picture is of Xiao Li: adjective.
    The picture above is of Xiao Li: adverb = The picture (that is) above.....
    The clouds above: adverb.

    Something's wrong. A perfect participle can be an adjective but not an adverb.


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    #8

    Re: adverb or adjective

    Quote Originally Posted by justinwschang View Post
    Something's wrong. A perfect participle can be an adjective but not an adverb.
    Yes, I believe you are right (although I have never heard the term "perfect participle"). My take on this is that the "unannounced" is actually a reduced relative clause; try putting "announced" in commas (as in a non-restrictive relative clause) and it seems clearer.
    The singer appeared, [who was] unannounced, at the start of the encore to sing a cover of The Beatles' The Long and Winding Road, accompanied by Prince on guitar.

    "Unannounced" is a passive construction that has been reduced and often we don't punctuate a single adjective post-reduction if it follows the noun (although we often do if it is at the beginning of the sentence; e.g. Unannounced, the singer....)

    Fiona

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