Whether a word is being used as an adjective or adverb is a question that often arises. Sometimes, this difficulty is associated with the use of prepositions.
A verb, adjective, noun, or pronoun (but not an adverb) uses a preposition to relate to an object, which is either a noun or pronoun:
Go to Beijing (verb relating to noun )
Sit with me (verb relating to pronoun)
Happy with life (adjective relating to noun)
Good for you (adjective relating to pronoun)
Gift from heaven (noun relating to noun)
Cheers to her (noun relating to pronoun)
Something for Xiao Li (pronoun relating to noun)
Everything about this (pronoun relating to pronoun)
I'm next in line: Looking at the preposition "in", the conclusion may be that "next" is an adjective, using "in" to relate to the noun "line". This is not true, because "next" here is an adverb telling more about (modifying) the adverb phrase "in line".
- For Teachers