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Thread: spend

  1. #1
    Unregistered Guest

    Default spend

    Hi there,
    I found the following example from a dictionary,but it is grammatically incorrect. Am I right?


    He believed in spending half an hour each day to relax and commune with nature.

    It should be:
    He believed in spending half an hour each day RELAXING and COMMUNING with nature.

    Simon

  2. #2
    engee30's Avatar
    engee30 is offline Key Member
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    Wink Re: spend

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered View Post
    Hi there,
    I found the following example from a dictionary,but it is grammatically incorrect. Am I right?


    He believed in spending half an hour each day to relax and commune with nature.

    It should be:
    He believed in spending half an hour each day RELAXING and COMMUNING with nature.

    Simon
    Everything's fine, Simon.
    Look at the following:
    He spent half an hour each day relaxing and communing with nature.
    Here, we know that he spent that particular time doing something.

    In He believed in spending half an hour each day to relax and commune with nature, the purpose (and not the action) of his spending half an hour each day is to relax and commune with nature; we don't actually know whether or not he spent that time relaxing and communing with nature. All we know is that he believed in such an idea.

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  3. #3
    Teia is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: spend

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered View Post
    Hi there,
    I found the following example from a dictionary,but it is grammatically incorrect. Am I right?


    He believed in spending half an hour each day to relax and commune with nature.

    It should be:
    He believed in spending half an hour each day RELAXING and COMMUNING with nature.

    Simon

    He believed in spending half an hour each day
    / to relax and commune with nature./.- correct
    The sentence in blue is the main clause.
    The sentence in red is a purpose clause. The most common type of purpose clause is a to-infinitive clause.

    He believed in spending half an hour each day in order to relax and commune with nature.

    In formal writing, in order to and so as to are often used.

  4. #4
    Soup's Avatar
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    Default Re: spend

    Quote Originally Posted by Unregistered View Post
    Hi there,
    I found the following example from a dictionary,but it is grammatically incorrect. Am I right?
    You're right. (I have to disagree with engee30 and teia on this one.) It looks like a purpose clause: in order to relax and commune with nature, but it isn't, and here's why I know that.



    First, adverbials can move around, this one can't:
    He believed in spending half an hour each day to relax and commune with nature.
    To relax and commune with nature, he believed in spending half an hour each day.



    Second, if you omit a purpose clause from a sentence, the result shouldn't leave a fragment; this one does:
    He believed in spending half an hour each day to relax and commune with nature.
    He believed in spending half an hour each day.



    In short, our infinitive phrase doesn't work as a purpose clause, as an adverbial. It's an integral part of the verb's structure: spend time doing something,
    He believed in spending half an hour each day relaxing and communing with nature.

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