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Thread: Structure Trees

  1. #1
    Jonicus is offline Newbie
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    Sep 2007
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    Default Structure Trees

    Hi, folks.

    We've started phrase tree structuring, and I'm trying to practice by doing some of the harder examples from the book; and trying to break down ambiguous sentences into their separate meanings.

    Anyway, I just randomly chose a sentence from a different exercise, which is no smoking section available. I'm doing one, and this is how far I've come:

    Code:
                 S
              /    \
             /      \
            NP      ??
          /    \
         /      \
        /        \ 
      Adj        N
       |         |
    no-smoking   section
    See, I cannot figure out what comes on the other side, namely, what function does ‘available’ serve? Now, I know that sentences have the structure (S->NP+VP), so I am feeling that it should be VP, but then what does that break down into... I mean, what more specifically is ‘available’? Is it an adverb, adjective, etc?

    Also, I've made a tree for the other meaning:

    Code:
                 S
              /    \
             /      \
            NP      ??
          /    \
         /      \
        /        \
      Adj        NP
       |        /  \
      no       Adj  N
                |   |
           smoking  section
    Basically, I'm just trying to test my skill, here, to know if I understand it or not. Are either of these diagrams correct in any way? Also, what to do about that darned ‘available’?


    Thank you so much to anyone able to offer assistance,
    Jonicus

  2. #2
    seba_870701 is offline Member
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    Feb 2007
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    Default Re: Structure Trees

    Quote Originally Posted by Jonicus View Post
    Hi, folks.

    We've started phrase tree structuring, and I'm trying to practice by doing some of the harder examples from the book; and trying to break down ambiguous sentences into their separate meanings.

    Anyway, I just randomly chose a sentence from a different exercise, which is no smoking section available. I'm doing one, and this is how far I've come:

    Code:
                 S
              /    \
             /      \
            NP      ??
          /    \
         /      \
        /        \ 
      Adj        N
       |         |
    no-smoking   section
    See, I cannot figure out what comes on the other side, namely, what function does ‘available’ serve? Now, I know that sentences have the structure (S->NP+VP), so I am feeling that it should be VP, but then what does that break down into... I mean, what more specifically is ‘available’? Is it an adverb, adjective, etc?

    Also, I've made a tree for the other meaning:

    Code:
                 S
              /    \
             /      \
            NP      ??
          /    \
         /      \
        /        \
      Adj        NP
       |        /  \
      no       Adj  N
                |   |
           smoking  section
    Basically, I'm just trying to test my skill, here, to know if I understand it or not. Are either of these diagrams correct in any way? Also, what to do about that darned ‘available’?


    Thank you so much to anyone able to offer assistance,
    Jonicus
    Well... as you've noticed, a sentence in Eng must follow a pattern: S->NP+VP !! In the phrase You tried to analyse there is no verb, thus it is not a sentence!

    Hope I helped.
    Regards.

    ps
    available is an adjective.

  3. #3
    beck is offline Newbie
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
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    Default Re: Structure Trees

    Your sentence "no smoking section available" is a fragment, which you see commonly in spoken or casual language or on signs. The whole sentence would be something like "There is a no-smoking section available."

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