Can anyone please explain why is the introductory verbs in indirect statements sometimes in the past (ie. said) and sometimes in the present(ie. says).
Is there any difference when one reports statements with a past introductory verb and a present introductory verb?
He says he wants to go home.
He said he wanted to go home.
Your feedback is highly appreciated.
The tense difference reflects the time of the statement, although we sometimes use the present colloquially instead of the past, especially when telling jokes or anecdotes. If the introductory verb is in the present, there is no need to change the tense of the original statement. :D