I'm training for GMAT tests on sentences correction, and I have many questions about English grammar. I guess that for native English speakers, this will be very easy. Here are some sentences to be corrected (my answer is put into the sentence) :
1) As a result of his method for early music education, Shinichi Suzuki has been known as one of the world’s great violin teachers.
The right answer is : is seen as one. I don't understand why past can't be used since the violonist may be dead...
has been known as one This means that he once was known for this but not necessarily thought of in this way now.
is seen as one. This means he continues to be viewed this way.
2) Although Mandy is younger than her sister, Mandy is the tallest of the two.
The right answer is is the taller of the two. Why tallest isn't used instead?
It is wrong since there are only two people being compared. You would have been correct if the sentence was...
Although Mandy is younger than her sisters, Mandy is the tallest of the two.
3) Neither of the Smith brothers has expected to be drafted by a major league team this year.
The right answer is expects to be drafted. I don't see the point.
The present tense is used since the event (the draft) hasn't happened yet. Perhaps the problem is that you don't understand the meaning of "to be drafted". It means that new players are put into a group and the teams alternately claim one player at a time if they wish to have them on their team.
The Smith brothers don't think anyone wants them....or at least they are not getting their hopes up. If they are not drafted they have a much more difficult time making a team.
4) Has any of the witnesses been sworn in yet?
The right answer is Have any of the. Isn't "any" singular?
I would say
Has any man stepped forward?
Have any of the men stepped forward?
I don't think "any" designates singular or plural you must look at what "any" modifies.
5) Towering seven hundred feet above the valley floor, Mount Rushmore National Memorial is an impressive site.
The right answer is is an impressive sight. For me, a memorial is not a sight but rather a site.
Nasty....nasty....I have sympathy but the memorial is a tourist sight.
6) San Francisco lays southwest of Sacramento.
The right answer is laid southwest. I don't understand what that means.
What is trying to be said is that "San Francisco is positioned southwest of Sacramento"
"to lay" means to put something down
"to lie" means to recline or be positioned
I personally think of your possible choices you made the correct one here. Using the past tense means the positions of the cites have somehow changed over time which is ridiculous.
My personal preference for a correct answer though is
San Francisco lies southwest of Sacramento.
7) Did they know that Labor Day always came on the first Monday in September?
The right answer is comes on. I thought that the second verb had to be put to the past since "did" was.
"Did" is not the verb...the verb is "know" (present tense). "Did" is a helping verb for use in the question.
8) Each night when night came and the temperature fell, my parents lit the fire in the bedroom.
The right answer is when the temperature fell. I can't see why "when" must be repeated.
I'm with you on that one....if that is wrong then I got it wrong too.
Thanks to the people that can give me a hand.