I have three questions to ask:
Is there any difference between ''It is almost 10 o'clock" and "It is nearly 10 o'clock"? It seems to me if it 9:57 or so I should use 'almost'. If it is 9:40 or so I should use 'nearly'. Is that right?
There is not much difference, if any between "almost 10 o'clock" and "nearly 10 o'clock". you could use either expression for the time frames you have shown
The following is an exercise on exlamations. It is very confusing.
He lost an arm in an accident last summer.
Oh, dear, I 'm so sorry.
Can I replace the underlined part with 'Oh, no" ? yes
Look/Good heavens! The car is on fire!
I have two questions about this sentence:
1. The sentence is the original sentence. But I have consulted my dictionary 'Look' means 'annoyance' when it is used as an exclamation. Is the work 'look' an exclamation or it means 'See'? If it is the latter then it is not an exlamation. It is a verb. Is that right?
"Look" does not mean "annoyance" in this context. It is just an exclamation whereby you are drawing attention to something...in this case a burning car.
"Good heavens" does not mean the same as "look" here. It shows shock and disbelief at seeing the car burn
2.If only 'Good heavens' can I replace it with 'My god', 'Oh dear', or 'Oh, no'? Yes
Oh! Are we having an exam today? I didn't study at all during the weekend!
Can I replace the underlined word with 'Gosh', 'Oh dear', 'Goodness me', or 'Oh, no'?
You could but the meanings would change slightly
"Gosh" implies surprise and awe
"Oh dear" implies you are not ready for the exam (perhaps you forgot about it)
"Goodness me" is very old fashioned writing showing surprise (little old ladies might say this)
"Oh, no" implies surprise and worry.
It's two miles to the beach. Let's walk there.
Can I say "It's two miles from the beach"?
No, but you might say "We are two miles from the beach. Let's walk there"
Looking forward to hearing from you.
Thank you in advance.
Can I replace the underlined part with ''